Principles of general physiology
"Claude Bernard (1878, pp. 116-117) describes what seems to me to be the most profitable attitude to take with regard to the question of vitalism; he says, "There is in reality only one general physics, only one chemistry, and only one mechanics, in which all the phenomenal manifestations of nature are included, both those of living bodies as well as those of inanimate ones. In a word, all the phenomena which make their appearance in a living being obey the same laws as those outside of it. So that one may say that all the manifestations of life are composed of phenomena borrowed from the outer cosmic world, so far as their nature is concerned, possessing, however, a special morphology, in the sense that they are manifested under characteristic forms and by the aid of special physiological instruments." My object, then, is to discuss the physical and chemical processes which intervene in these phenomena, so far as they are known. Vital phenomena being essentially dynamic, the study of physiology consists in the investigation of changes"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).
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