Eradicating Differences: The Treatment of Minorities in Nazi-Dominated Europe

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Anton Weiss Wendt
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Aug 11, 2010 - Political Science - 240 pages
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The eleven essays that comprise this book offer an integrated perspective on Nazi policies of mass murder. Drawing heavily on primary sources from European and American archives, the collection of essays provides novel interpretations of Nazi policies vis-ą-vis ethnic, religious, and sexual minorities in the German-occupied territories, specifically Eastern Europe. The essays printed in this volume advance two main theses, drawing a line under the Functionalist-Intentionalist debate regarding the origins of Nazi genocide. In their dealing with the “lesser races,” the Nazis proved more flexible and less single-minded than has been conventionally believed. Faced with what they saw as a temporary military setback, the Nazis were willing to renegotiate their murderous policies, granting certain concessions to the minority groups otherwise slated for destruction. In the long run, however, the Nazis never abandoned the ideology of racial exclusiveness, which had contributed to their ultimate defeat. Another thesis concerns the complex ethno-political landscape of Eastern Europe that came under Nazi domination. German occupation authorities encouraged ethnic rivalries and grievances, which trace back to the Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires and beyond. Hobbesian war of all against all that had ensued made it easier for the Nazis to apply a divide-and-rule policy. It also provided a fertile ground for collaboration, specifically in the mass murder of Jews. The book will appear to both academic and non-academic audiences interested in the subjects as diverse as genocide, ethno-nationalism, and minority studies.

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
NAZI PERSECUTION OF JEHOVAHS WITNESSES
23
THE NAZI PERSECUTION OF HOMOSEXUALS IN OCCUPIED COUNTRIES
41
HITLERS STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE AGAINST SLAVS
61
GORALENVOLK
85
LOOKING EAST OR LOOKING SOUTH?
103
THE CIVIL WARS IN THE SOVIET WESTERN BORDERLANDS 19411945
119
A MULTIPRONGED ATTACK
145
GENOCIDE AND ETHNOCIDE
165
THE CAMPAIGN JEWSLICETYPHUS AS AN EXAMPLE OF POLISH PARTICIPATION IN NAZI ANTISEMITIC PROPAGANDA
187
THROUGH THE EYES OF THE SURVIVORS
203
CONTRIBUTORS
229
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About the author (2010)

Anton Weiss-Wendt heads the research department at the Center for the Study of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities in Oslo, Norway. He is the author of Murder Without Hatred: Estonians and the Holocaust (2009) and Small-Town Russia: Childhood Memories of the Final Soviet Decade (2010), and the editor of The Nazi Genocide of the Gypsies: Reevaluation and Commemoration (forthcoming).

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