An Introduction to Mining Seismology
An Introduction to Mining Seismology describes comprehensively the modern methods and techniques used to monitor and study seismicity and rockbursts in mines. Key case histories from various worldwide mining districts clearly illustrate and skillfully emphasize the practical aspects of mining seismology. This text is intended as a handbook for geophysicists and mining and rock mechanics engineers working at mines. It will also serve as an essential reference tool for seismologists working at research institutions on local seismicity not necessarily induced by mining.
* Presents a comprehensive description of seismicity induced by mining worldwide
* Provides information on optimum network planning and seismic event location procedures in deep mines
* Covers a broad array of topics including focal mechanism, moment tensor, and double-couple versus non-double-couple seismic events in mines
* Includes data on source parameters and scaling relations for seismic events in mines
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Principal Types of Mine Tremors
Seismic Waves at Short Distances
Location of Seismic Events in Mines
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aftershocks amplitude angle anisotropy applied approach asperity assumed attenuation axis calculated coal coda waves coefficients components coordinates corner frequency corresponding covariance matrix crack Crampin density depth described determined dilatancy direction displacement distance distribution double couple earthquakes effects equations estimates events in mines far-field fault plane fault-plane solutions focal mechanism foreshocks fractal fracture function Gibowicz given Green function hypocenter induced by mining inversion isotropic Kijko linear longwall magnitude matrix McGarr medium method moment-tensor motion normal observed occurred P-wave polarization procedure propagation quality factor radiation pattern ratio recorded relation rock rockbursts rockmass rupture velocity scattering Scholz seismic energy seismic events seismic hazard seismic network seismic stations seismic tomography seismic waves seismograms shear stress shear waves shear-wave splitting shown in Fig slip source parameters spectra spectrum strain stress drop studies surface SV waves technique tensor tion tomography tremors vector velocity model vertical volume waveforms