The Biblical Interpretation of William of Alton
Studies of medieval Biblical interpretation usually focus on the printed literature, neglecting the vast majority of relevant works. Timothy Bellamah offers a groundbreaking examination of the exegesis of William of Alton, a thirteenth-century Dominican regent master at Paris whose commentaries have never previously appeared in print. As a near contemporary of Hugh of St. Cher, Bonaventure, Albert the Great, and Thomas Aquinas, William was an important representative of university exegesis at a time of rapidly changing methods and remarkable intellectual development. His commentaries are valuable resources for understanding Biblical study of the thirteenth century, in the schoolroom and in the pulpit. Yet study of William's work has been impeded by the dubious authenticity of numerous commentaries questionably attributed to him over the centuries. Bellamah addresses these complex problems by unearthing evidence of authorship in each commentary's style and methodology. This inquiry employs the traits of William's commentaries as criteria for constituting a list of works that can be reliably attributed to him, which, in turn, provides a crucial basis for studying his exegesis. William was a man of his time, but even more than his contemporaries he was deeply interested in history and the literal sense, which he understood to be the intention of Scripture's authors, divine and human. He took a keen interest in Biblical history and put to use a wide array of procedures for textual, linguistic, and rhetorical analysis. At the same time, he remained aware of the spiritual senses and the diverse elements of the exegetical and theological tradition in which he stood.
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An Englishman in Paris
A Few Key Features of Williams Methodology and Style
3 William as Exegete
5 Theological Considerations
Appendix I Consideration of Works Variously Attributed to William
Appendix II Prologues
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appears Augustine autem authorship Basel Beryl Smalley Bibl biblical BnFlat Bonaventure causa CCSL chapter Cher Christ Chrysostom church’s commentary Dahan Deus dicit dicitur divine divisio Dominican Dominus Ecclesiastes eius enim erat ergo example exegesis exegetes expositio exposition Franciscan fuit Glossa ordinaria Gospel habet Hugh of St huius ibid id est Ieremiam interpretation Isaiah Item Jeremiah Jerome Jesus John John’s L’exégèse Latin lemmata Leonina libri literal sense Madrid manuscript medieval MSS Basel MSS Paris ofthe omnia Opera Parma Paschasius Radbertus Peter Comestor postill postill Super preaching primo prol prologue prophets propter quae quam question quia quod remarks Rusch Saint-Omer sancti Sapiential Books scilicet secundo secundum sicut Smalley spiritual sunt Super Ecl Super Io Super Iohannem Super Threnos tamen theology Thomas Aquinas Thomas’s tion Turnhout Univ Vendôme 116 Vnde William of Alton William of Middleton