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aboriginal Ah kah Algonquin Alleghany American ancient antiquities appear Atotarho banks bones Buffalo called Canada Canandaigua lake cantons Cattaraugus Cayugas census character Cherokees chief church clans confederacy confederation corn council fire creek cultivated dance defence denote descendants early east Eries families feet forest formed forts French Genesee Genesee county Genesee river Grave Creek mound ground head Hill hundred Indian inquiry Iroquois Jamesville Kah-Kwahs keuh lake land language letter limestone lived lodge miles missionary Mohawks mounds native New-York Historical Society Niagara nunh occupied Oneida Castle Oneida creek Oneida stone Onondaga Onondaga county original period persons pipes plough Pompey population present probably race reservation residence reuh river sachems Schoolcraft Senate Senecas Society species stream tion Tonewanda town tradition trees tribes Tuscaroras valley vestiges village warriors western New-York word wunh yeuh
Page 205 - It shall be the duty of the secretary of state to appoint suitable persons to take the enumeration of the Indians residing on the several reservations in this state, who shall, in respect to such reservations, perform all the duties...
Page 1 - ... State. . . . Report of the secretary of state and surveyor-general relative to a tract of land purchased from the Indians by William Smith, jr and others in 1761. 5 p. (In Assembly. 68th sess. 1845, v- 6, no. 212) . . . Communication from the secretary of state transmitting the report of Mr Schoolcraft, one of the agents appointed to take the census or enumeration of the Indians, &c.
Page 228 - ... deceased sachems, the utterance of which, together with the repetition of the laws of the confederacy — the installation of the new sachems — the impeachment and deposition of three unfaithful sachems — the elevation of others in their stead, and the performance of the various ceremonies attendant upon these proceedings, consumed the principal part of the afternoon. At the setting of the sun, a bountiful repast, consisting of an innumerable number of rather formidable looking chunks of...
Page 227 - Though now 69 years old, he is yet an erect, fine looking, and energetic Indian, and is both -hospitable and intelligent. He is in possession of the medal presented by Washington to Red Jacket in 1792 which among other things of interest, he showed us. It would be incompatible with the present purpose to describe all the interesting men who there assembled, among whom were Captain Frost, Messrs Le Fort, Hill, John Jacket, Doctor Wilson and others.
Page 217 - Medina sandstone, and was 24 feet square by 4J in depth, the planes agreeing with the four cardinal points. It was filled with human bones of both sexes and all ages. ... In one skull, two flint arrow heads were found, and many had the appearance of having been fractured and cleft open, by a sudden blow. They were piled in regular layers, but with no regard to size or sex. Pieces of pottery were picked up in the pit, and had also been ploughed up in the field adjacent.
Page 228 - ... innumerable number of rather formidable looking chunks of boiled fresh beef, and an abundance of bread and succotash, was brought into the council house. The manner of saying grace on this occasion was indeed peculiar. A kettle being brought, hot and smoking from the fire, and placed in the center of the council house, there proceeded from a single person, in a high shrill key, a prolonged and monotonous sound, resembling that of the syllable wah or yah.
Page 240 - The company continued to proceed towards the sunsetting under the direction of the Holder of the Heavens. The third family was directed to make their residence on a mountain named Onondaga, (now Onondaga) and the family was named Seuh-now-kah-tah, that is, carrying the name and their language was altered.
Page 157 - ... and bewilderment into which benighted races are often found Schoolcraft furnishes this graphic and painful picture in the condition of the Iroquois : " Their notions of a deity, founded apparently on some dreamy tradition of original truth, are so subtile and divisible, and establish so heterogeneous a connection between spirit and matter of all imaginable forms, that popular belief seems to have wholly confounded the possible with the impossible, the natural with the supernatural. Action, so...
Page 73 - The alliance or confederacy of the Five Nations was established, as near as can be conjectured, one age (or the length of a man's life) before the white people (the Dutch) came into the country.
Page 159 - They practiced rolling themselves in the sand, and by this means their bodies were covered with hard skin, so that the arrows of the Iroquois only rattled against their rough bodies, and fell at their feet. And the consequence was, that they were obliged to hide in caves, and glens, and were brought into subjection by these fierce invaders for many winters, (or years.) At length the Holder of the Heavens, visited his people, and finding that they were in great distress, he determined to grant them...