An Elementary Grammar of the Japanese Language: With Easy Progressive Exercises

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Trübner and Company, 1888 - Japanese language - 120 pages
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Page 7 - Adjectives have three degrees of comparison — the Positive, Comparative, and Superlative. The comparative is formed by placing yori or yorimo (more than) before the positive ; as, yori; yoi, better ; and the superlative by putting the words ichi ban, or nwttomo, before the positive ; as, itti ban, or mottomo yoi, best.
Page 7 - Of PRONOUNS. A PRONOUN is a word used instead of a noun, to avoid the too frequent repetition of the same word : as, " The man is happy ; he is benevolent j he is useful.
Page 4 - Japan. Nouns are either Proper or Common : — 1. A Proper Noun is the name of any particular person, place, or thing, as Yokohama, Kosi.
Page 4 - ... gender. Of Number. There are two numbers, the Singular and the Plural. In Japanese, nouns change their forms in a few cases ; generally they have .the same forms, both in the plural and singular. But when they change their forms the plural is rendered by adding domo, gata, or ra to the singular ; as ko, child ; danna, gentleman ; shosei, student, in the • singular ; and kodomo, dannagata, shoseira, in the plural. The number of nouns generally are distinguished by numeral adjectives ; as, hito...
Page 21 - VIII. CONJUNCTIONS. A CONJUNCTION is a word which joins words and sentences together ; as, You and I must study, but he may go and play.
Page 6 - The nominative is rendered by placing the sign wa,ga,or mo after nouns ; as, otoko ga or wa, mo, ikimasu, man goes. The possessive is formed by putting the sign no after nouns ; as, otoko no kimono, man's dress. The objective is rendered by the sign wo, ni, or да — Otoko oa onna wo ittimasifa, A man has beaten a woman.
Page 6 - Woman goes away, but man stays. Ga is sometimes used in an emphatic sentence ; as, Watakusi ga simasita, I have done it. Ni, the sign of the objective case, answers to the dative in Latin ; and in English it may be translated into ' to/ or ' for ;' as, Kane wo otoko ni yare, Give money to the man.
Page 20 - AN adverb is a word which qualifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Example, j\j\) Jj^J j£i-jJ dostounouz ghiuzet yazar (your friend writes beautifully} ; j£~ij\.ij~> J...
Page 3 - У ^ц and x\ zu, are distinguished from one another in their pronunciation, although they are pronounced alike in some parts of the country. II. THE PAETS OF SPEECH. Words are divided into eight classes, that is, parts of speech — Nouns, Adjectives, Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions...

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