The Modern State
This book was originally written (1926) because the author, while teaching courses in comparative politics and in political theory, felt the lack of a text offering a general survey and interpretation of the modern state. Works were available dealing descriptively or analytically with the political institutions of various countries, but the political scientist is or should be interested in the species as well as in the individual members of the species.The state has no finality, can have no perfected form. What we name democracy is a beginning and not an end. The state is an instrument of social man. Its changes are a record alike of his experience with it and of his own changing needs. To present the modern state as a product of social evolution; to explain how it acquires specific functions and specific means of service, relinquishing certain claims and vindicating others; to show how, through all the struggles and disturbances which have raged around its prize of power, it has established its foundations more broad and more secure - these are the objects of this workTo understand the state it is not enough to observe the behavior of kings, presidents, legislators, judges, sheriffs, assessors and all other public officials ... It is necessary to reflect on these and other political phenomena as well as to observe them.
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