Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry from Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission

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Courier Corporation, 1976 - Science - 368 pages
2 Reviews
This book is a classic in the field of popular science. Standard reading since the 1930s, it is one of the few historeis of chemistry to concentrate on the lives of the great chemists. Through these dramatic and human stories, it gives an authoritative and entertaining account of the great discoveries and advances in this scientific field. After many printings in three previous editions, this book has been newly revised by the author for this fourth edition. Beginning with Trevisan and his lifelong search for the "philosopher's stone," the author narrates the lives and discoveries of such towering figures as Paracelsus and his chemical treatment of disease; Priestley looking for phlogiston and finding oxygen and carbon dioxide, Lavoisier creating a new language of chemistry; Dalton and his Atomic Theory; Avogadro and the idea of molecules, Mendeleeff arranging the table of elements under his Periodic Law; the Curies isolating radium; Thomson discovering the electron; Moseley and his Law of Atomic Numbers; Lawrence and the construction of the cyclotron; and more. Probably the most dramatic chapter in the book, the account of the development of nuclear fission, ends the story of chemistry at its most monumental achievement. A final chapter discusses some of the consequences of nuclear fission, the discovery of nuclear fusion, and the recent work with subatomic particles. Bernard Jaffe is the author of many other science books and several science textbooks. Upon the original publication of this book, Mr. Jaffe received the Francis Bacon Award for the Humanizing of Knowledge. The American Chemical Society's History of Chemistry Division honored him in 1973 with its Dexter Award for "distinguished achievement in the history of chemistry."
 

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User Review  - pre20cenbooks - LibraryThing

More than halfway read. Find this bio well worded, intensely intriguing, revealing the personality, social background, intertwining of discoverers of the elements behaviors, the egotism and some humility, eccentric personalities too. Highly recommended. Centuries of exploration, the roots. Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - mykl-s - LibraryThing

-science is more than science -this is a real classic Read full review

Contents

BERNARD TREVIsAN 1406I490
1
THEOPHRASTUS PARACELSUS 1493I541
17
JOHN JOACHIM BEcHER 1625I682
25
JosEPH PRIESTLEY 17331804
37
ANTOINE LAURENT LAVOISIER 17431794
69
JOHN DALTON 17661844
84
J01nv JACOB BERzEt US 17791848 I00 IX AMEnEo AVOGADRO 17761856 I16 FRIEDRICH WOEHLER 18001882
129
DMITRI IVANOVITCH MENDELEEEE 18341907
150
SKLODOWSKA CuR1E 18671934
181
NIELS Bonn 18851962
237
ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE 19011958
265
THE I1E WHO HARNESSID NUCLEAR ENERGY
283
NUCLEAR ENERGY TODAY AND TOMORROW
308
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