Language Loyalties: A Source Book on the Official English Controversy

Front Cover
James Crawford
University of Chicago Press, Jun 1, 1992 - Education - 522 pages
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As late as 1987, two-thirds of the Americans who responded to a national survey believed that English was the official language of the United States. In fact, the Constitution is silent on the issue. Since Senator S. I. Hayakawa first proposed an English Language Amendment in Congress in 1981, Official English has been considered in forty-seven states and adopted by seventeen; the amendment is pending in the 102d Congress.

Supporters argue that English has always been our common language—a means of resolving conflicts in a nation of diverse racial, ethnic, and religious groups, and an essential tool of social mobility and cultural integration. Opponents charge that the amendment is unnecessary and that it threatens civil rights, educational opportunities, and free speech, wrapping racist biases in a cloak of patriotism.

Language Loyalties: A Source Book on the Official English Controversy provides a balanced, comprehensive guide to this complex and often confusing debate. It is an essential handbook and reference for advocates, educators, policymakers, jurists, scholars, and citizens who seek to join this debate fully informed. Addressing the issues involved in developing America's first planned national language policy, James Crawford has expertly collected and introduced more than eighty-five source documents and articles.
 

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Contents

I
3
II
11
III
15
IV
20
V
22
VI
33
VII
35
VIII
37
LVII
211
LIX
218
LX
227
LXI
231
LXIII
237
LXIV
240
LXV
242
LXVI
245

IX
38
X
42
XI
49
XII
53
XIII
60
XIV
65
XV
74
XVI
89
XVIII
91
XX
96
XXI
103
XXII
114
XXIII
116
XXIV
120
XXV
123
XXVI
126
XXVII
129
XXIX
131
XXXI
133
XXXII
134
XXXIII
137
XXXIV
139
XXXVI
140
XXXVII
141
XXXVIII
142
XXXIX
144
XLI
145
XLIII
150
XLIV
151
XLV
153
XLVI
156
XLVIII
157
XLIX
161
L
165
LI
167
LII
173
LIII
180
LIV
188
LV
196
LVI
204
LXVIII
253
LXIX
257
LXX
260
LXXII
266
LXXIII
269
LXXIV
271
LXXVI
279
LXXVII
286
LXXVIII
289
LXXIX
293
LXXX
302
LXXXI
305
LXXXII
315
LXXXIII
319
LXXXIV
324
LXXXV
327
LXXXVI
331
LXXXVIII
336
LXXXIX
344
XC
353
XCI
356
XCIII
360
XCIV
365
XCV
369
XCVI
378
XCVII
383
XCVIII
386
C
397
CI
401
CII
412
CIII
437
CIV
447
CV
454
CVI
461
CVII
468
CVIII
481
CIX
497
CX
505
CXI
509
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About the author (1992)

James Crawford is the author of Bilingual Education: History, Politics, Theory, and Practice and Hold Your Tongue: Bilingualism and the Politics of "English Only."


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