The Intermarium: Wilson, Madison, & East Central European Federalism
Pub_AbstractText: This thesis proposes an alternative governance structure for east central Europe - the Intermarium. The Intermarium is based on the development of a supplementary federal structure capable of controlling factionalism and nationalism utilizing concepts from James Madison's Tenth Federalist. In particular, James Madison's approach to mitigating and preventing the formation of dangerous factions is found to be compatible with preexisting notions of federalism in east central Europe and offers a potential regional political solution that merits further study. In reaching the above proposal, the concepts of Wilsonian national self -determination, Pan European federalism, functionalism and historical east central European variants of federalism are explored along with their leading personalities. At the author's request over 100 previously unknown documents were declassified by a variety of intelligence agencies including the CIA, Army Counterintelligence, and FBI. In addition, three lengthy interviews were conducted with former American intelligence agent, William Gowen, who in 1947 and 1948 investigated and worked with several of the organizations and individuals profiled. The tragic history of east central Europe in the 20th Century consisted of bloody ethnic conflict, foreign invasion, and occupation with the lingering effects still evident today. While there is persuasive authority to suggest that the future for east central Europe is one of harmonious relations, liberal democracy and economic prosperity other forecasts predict decades yet of bloody conflict as the Russian Federation and its borderlands resolve rivalries fueled by national self-determination and irredentism. By developing a federal alternative to the European Union to be know popularly as the Intermarium, east central Europe might effectively pool its resources and meet the foreign relations and security challenges unique to the region rather than relying upon far away Brussels in the event of a crisis. Regional federation as exemplified by east central Europe's unique heritage may prove to be just the bridging mechanism needed to accelerate the goal of Pan Europe or provide a safe harbor from conflict in the event of the EU's inability to address future crises.
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The GreekYugoslav Confederation
Federalism Exile and the Cold War
The Vajta Cover Up
Misconceptions about the Intermarium
The International of Liberty
A Proving Ground for an Extensive Federation
The Polish Plan 19181921
The Czech Approach 19181938
Is Federalism Still A Viable Alternative?
Faction Remains to be Dealt With
Allies American Army Army-CIC Austria author’s request Balkan Baltic Belarus Benes Briand British Bulgaria Central European Federal Churchill Communist Confederation Coudenhove-Kalergi Council of Europe Croatia Croats Czech Czechoslovakia Danubian December declassified at author’s declassified at request Declassified Documents Reference democratic Documents Reference System Dorril east central Europe east central European Eckhardt economic ECSC Europe’s European Federal Club European Union exile faction Foreign Minister former France French German Hungarian Hungary independent Intelligence Intermarium Intermarium Charter International of Liberty Italy January leader Loftus London Madison military national self-determination nationalist Nazi organization Otto von Habsburg Pan Europe Poland Poles Polish political post-Second World post-war President Prime Minister Promethean League region Republic request of author Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi Romania Rome Russian Second World Second World War Serbs Slovakia Slovaks Soviet Union Tenth Federalist Treaty Ukraine Ukrainian unity Vajta Vatican William Gowen Wilson York Yugoslav Yugoslavia