The Intermarium: Wilson, Madison, & East Central European Federalism

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Universal-Publishers, 2007 - History - 476 pages
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Pub_AbstractText: This thesis proposes an alternative governance structure for east central Europe - the Intermarium. The Intermarium is based on the development of a supplementary federal structure capable of controlling factionalism and nationalism utilizing concepts from James Madison's Tenth Federalist. In particular, James Madison's approach to mitigating and preventing the formation of dangerous factions is found to be compatible with preexisting notions of federalism in east central Europe and offers a potential regional political solution that merits further study. In reaching the above proposal, the concepts of Wilsonian national self -determination, Pan European federalism, functionalism and historical east central European variants of federalism are explored along with their leading personalities. At the author's request over 100 previously unknown documents were declassified by a variety of intelligence agencies including the CIA, Army Counterintelligence, and FBI. In addition, three lengthy interviews were conducted with former American intelligence agent, William Gowen, who in 1947 and 1948 investigated and worked with several of the organizations and individuals profiled. The tragic history of east central Europe in the 20th Century consisted of bloody ethnic conflict, foreign invasion, and occupation with the lingering effects still evident today. While there is persuasive authority to suggest that the future for east central Europe is one of harmonious relations, liberal democracy and economic prosperity other forecasts predict decades yet of bloody conflict as the Russian Federation and its borderlands resolve rivalries fueled by national self-determination and irredentism. By developing a federal alternative to the European Union to be know popularly as the Intermarium, east central Europe might effectively pool its resources and meet the foreign relations and security challenges unique to the region rather than relying upon far away Brussels in the event of a crisis. Regional federation as exemplified by east central Europe's unique heritage may prove to be just the bridging mechanism needed to accelerate the goal of Pan Europe or provide a safe harbor from conflict in the event of the EU's inability to address future crises.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The European Union
14
Chapter Overview
28
The Initial Outcome
54
Lost Opportunities Fragmentation of the Elites
71
The European Coal and Steel Community
87
The European Community
102
Wilson and National SelfDetermination
121
The GreekYugoslav Confederation
203
Geopolitical Considerations
218
Federalism Exile and the Cold War
223
Intermarium Bulletin
249
Ferenc Vajta
265
The Vajta Cover Up
278
Misconceptions about the Intermarium
293
The International of Liberty
307

A Proving Ground for an Extensive Federation
134
Romania
152
The Polish Plan 19181921
165
The Czech Approach 19181938
184
Is Federalism Still A Viable Alternative?
326
Faction Remains to be Dealt With
334
Bibliography
348
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

JONATHAN LEVY is a Distinguished Teaching Professor of Theatre Arts at the State University of New York, Stony Brook.

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