An Historical and Critical View of the Speculative Philosophy of Europe in the Nineteenth Century, Volume 1

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John Johnstone, 1847 - Philosophy

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Page 427 - the doing good to mankind, in obedience to the will of God, and for the sake of everlasting happiness.
Page 129 - It is evident the mind knows not things immediately, but only by the intervention of the ideas it has of them. Our knowledge therefore is real only so far as there is a conformity between our ideas and the reality of things.
Page xxii - To Locke, *' Conscience is nothing else than our own opinion of our own actions;" to Penn, it is the image of God, and his oracle in the souL Locke, who was never a father, esteemed " the duty of parents to preserve their children not to be understood without reward and punishment ," Penn loved his children, with not a thought for the consequences.
Page 177 - His reputation as a poet, great in his own day, low during the latter part of the seventeenth and the whole of the eighteenth centuries, has latterly revived.
Page xxi - Locke, like William Penn, was tolerant ; both loved freedom ; both cherished truth in sincerity. But Locke kindled the torch of liberty at the fires of tradition ; Penn, at the living light in the soul. Locke sought truth through the senses and the outward world ; Penn looked inward to the divine revelations in every mind.
Page xxiii - Locke declares immortality a matter with which reason has nothing to do, and that revealed truth must be sustained by outward signs and visible acts of power ; Penn saw truth by its own light, and summoned the soul to bear witness to its own glory. Locke believed " not so many men in wrong opinions as is commonly supposed, because the greatest part have no opinions at all, and do not know what they contend for;" Penn likewise vindicated the many, but it was because truth is the common inheritance...
Page 203 - It was Mr. Locke that struck the home blow : for Mr. Hobbes's character and base slavish principles in government took off the poison of his philosophy. 'Twas Mr. Locke that struck at all fundamentals, threw all order and virtue out of the world, and made the very ideas of these (which are the same as those of God) unnatural, and without foundation in our minds.
Page 354 - Universal scepticism involves a contradiction in terms. It is a belief that there can be no belief. It is an attempt of the mind to act without its structure, and by other laws than those to which its nature has subjected its operations. To reason without assenting to the principles on which its reasoning is founded, is not unlike an effort to feel without nerves, or to move without muscles.
Page 342 - I had satisfactorily succeeded in this by starting from a single principle, I proceeded to the deduction of these concepts, which I was now certain were not deduced from experience, as Hume had apprehended, but sprang from the pure understanding.
Page 83 - Duae viae sunt, atque esse possunt, ad inquirendam et inveniendam veritatem. Altera a sensu et particularibus advolat ad axiomata maxime generalia, atque ex iis principiis eorumque immota veritate judieat et invenit axiomata media : atque haec via in usu est. Altera a sensu et particularibus excitat axiomata, ascendendo continenter et gradatim, ut ultimo loco perveniatur ad maxime generalia ; quae via vera est, sed intentata.

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