"Francophonie" in the 1990's: Problems and Opportunities
This book examines some of the problems and opportunities facing French-speaking countries in the world in the mid-1990s. After considering the development of French influence and presence outside France, it investigates the nature and diversity of countries and areas of the world where French is spoken. 'Francophonie' can be defined in three ways: by the use of the French language; by membership of a formal, organised community of nations; or by the acceptance and promotion of a set of values and beliefs.
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administration African countries Algeria American Anglophone Arabic areas associated Balladur Belgium Belorgey billion francs Caledonia Cameroon Canada Caribbean Central African Republic Chirac co-operation colonial communication conflict Conseil continuing Creole cultural democracy despite diversity DOM-TOM domination economic elections elite English ensure established Etat ethnic Europe European Union example exports foreign franc zone France's Francophone countries French language French Polynesia French speakers Gabon groups Guadeloupe Guinea Hagege Hutu identity importance independence investment Islamic islands Ivory Coast Jospin la Francophonie language policy Langue Franfaise Le Monde Diplomatique leaders linguistic mainly major Martinique Mauritius military million Minister Ministry Mitterrand Monde Diplomatique multilingual nonetheless North official language organised Francophonie Pacific particularly political population potential President problems programmes Quebec remains represented Republic role Rwanda Senegal situation social South standard French Summit meetings Tahiti Toubon Toubon law trade Tutsis United Nations values Vanuatu vehicular language Vietnam Zaire