Electroceramics: Materials, Properties, Applications

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 1, 1990 - Crafts & Hobbies - 464 pages
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A comprehensive treatment of the many aspects of ceramics that are important because of their electrical applications. Describes the fundamentals of how electroceramics function, how they are made, their properties, and their applications, starting from elementary principles, and including the necessary physical, chemical, and mathematical background. Whenever appropriate, a strong emphasis is placed on the relationship between microstructure and properties. Outlines solid state physics, beginning with atomic structure and progressing to the principles underlying the main categories of electroceramics. For undergraduates in materials science. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Elementary Solid State Science
5
22 The arrangement of ions in ceramics
12
23 Spontaneous polarization
17
24 Transitions
18
25 Defects in crystals
20
26 Electrical conduction
24
27 Change displacement processes
52
56 Mediumpermittivity ceramics
225
57 Highpermittivity ceramics
241
Questions
262
Bibliography
264
Piezoelectric Ceramics
265
62 Parameters for piezoelectric ceramics and their measurement
270
63 General characteristics and fabrication of PZT
276
64 Important commercial piezoceramics
285

Questions
82
Bibliography
84
The Fabrication of Ceramics
86
32 Cost
87
34 Powder preparation mixing
88
35 Calcination
90
36 Shaping
92
37 Hightemperature processing
100
38 Finishing
103
310 The growth of single crystals
104
Questions
113
Bibliography
116
Ceramic Conductors
117
42 Ohmic resistors
125
43 Voltagedependent resistors varistors VDRs
130
44 Thermally sensitive resistors
139
45 Solid fastion conductors
154
46 Humidity and gas sensors
163
47 High transition temperature ceramic superconductors
170
Questions
179
Bibliography
181
Dielectrics and Insulators
182
52 Dielectric strength
183
53 Thermal shock resistance
188
54 Capacitors
189
Part II Principal ceramic types and applications
205
65 Applications
294
Piezoelectric relations for ceramics poled in the 3 direction
314
Questions
316
Bibliography
317
Pyroelectric Materials
318
72 Infrared detection
320
73 Effects of circuit noise
324
74 Materials
326
75 Measurements of the pyroelectric coefficient
328
76 Applications
329
Questions
336
Bibliography
337
Electrooptic Ceramics
338
82 Lanthanumsubstituted lead zirconate titanate
353
83 Applications
362
Questions
368
Bibliography
369
Magnetic Ceramics
370
92 Model ferrites
387
93 Properties influencing magnetic behaviour
392
94 Preparation of ferrites
418
95 Applications
426
Questions
448
Bibliography
449
Index
451
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