Merchants, Politics, and Society in Early Modern India: Bihar, 1733-1820
This monograph deals with the social and political context of commercial activity in early modern India - a period during which Eastern India (and Bihar) experienced the transition to British colonial rule. As a point of departure from existing scholarly literature that usually studies this transition in material terms. This volume uses an approach that takes into account the configuration of social relations and political connections within which, it argues, commercial activity was embedded.
Using merchants and bankers as its subjects, this book deals with the structure of trade and banking, the position of merchants in the cultural order and the role of the state in perpetuating this order.
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administration Ali Vardi Khan Amirtis April areas aristocracy Arzee Awadh Azimabad Baftas baladiyas bankers banking firms Behar and Patna Benaras Bengal and Bihar beparis Bhagalpur Bhagalpur District Bihar Board of Revenue British buyers Calcutta centers chapter Chaudhuri city of Patna cloth coins collectors commodities cons cotton textiles countryside Delhi district Dutch early East India Company Economic eighteenth century elite enclosure English company European companies Ghulam Hussain gomastahs grain gunges haats History of Bengal Ibid important Indian merchants indigenous Jagat Seth jagir jagirdars Kalyan Singh Khan Khwaja Wajeed land late eighteenth letter mahajans Mahmoodies manufacture Marathas masnavi Meer Afzal Meer Ashraf Mughal Murshidabad nawab Number officials opium paikars parganas Patna darbar piece-goods Plassey private traders Purnea Raja Ramchandra Pandit region rural trade saltpeter saltpeter trade Saran Sarkar Seir Mutaqherin Shahabad shahr-i-ashob shroffs Shujauddin siccas Singh social society subah Tabatabai towns undated weavers zamindars