Masks, Transformation, and Paradox
Masks are found world-wide in connection with seasonal festivals, rites of passage, and curative ceremonies. They provide a means of investigating the paradoxical problems that appearances pose in the experience of transitional states. In this far-reaching work, A. David Napier studies mask iconography and the role played by masks in the realization of change. The masks of preclassical Greece¯in particular those of the Satyr and the Gorgon¯provide his starting point. A comparison of Greek to Eastern and especially Indian models follows, and the book concludes with an examination of the interpretation of Hindu ideas in Bali that demonstrates the importance of ambivalence in mask iconography.
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The Problem of Prima
Masks and the Beginnings of Greek Drama
Satyr Centaur Theriomorphic Healer
Its Character and Iconography
IndoEuropean Elements in the Satyrs and Centaurs
Centaurs and Heracles
Agdistis Agni ambivalence amphora ancient animal apotropaic appearance archetypal Aristotle association Assyrian Athena Attic black-figure Attic red-figure Bali Balinese Barong Beasts Brahmanical Centaurs century B.C. character Christian chthonic complex connection culture Cybele daimons deities demon depicted Dionysus divine drama early especially evidence example face facial fact figures forehead marks Goddess gods Gorgon Gorgon head Gorgoneion Greece Greek Heracles Hindu horrific human Humbaba ibid iconography idea important Indian Indo-European interpretation kirttimukha known kumbha legend leonine lion madhu Madhuca magic manifestation masks meaning Medusa millennium B.C. monster Museum myth mythology naman nature Nessus notion origin pantheon paradox Perseus Perseus-Gorgon story person Pickard-Cambridge Plate preclassical problem Rangda rasa relationship religion representations rites ritual role sacred sacrifice Sanskrit Satyrs Scythian significance Siva social soma specific suggest superciliary marks symbolic third eye tion Tiryns tradition tragedy transformation tree underworld Vedas Vedic vibrissae Visnu warrior word worship Zimmer