The Anatomy of Fascism

Front Cover
Vintage Books, 2005 - History - 321 pages
34 Reviews
From the author of "Vichy France, a fascinating, authoritative history of fascism in all its manifestations, and how and why it took hold in certain countries and not in others.
What "is fascism? Many authors have proposed succinct but abstract definitions. Robert O. Paxton prefers to start with concrete historical experience. He focuses more on what fascists did than on what they said. Their first uniformed bands beat up "enemies of the nation," such as communists and foreign immigrants, during the tense days after 1918 when the liberal democracies of Europe were struggling with the aftershocks of World War I. Fascist parties could not approach power, however, without the complicity of conservatives willing to sacrifice the rule of law for security.
Paxton makes clear the sequence of steps by which fascists and conservatives together formed regimes in Italy and Germany, and why fascists remained out of power elsewhere. Fascist regimes were strained alliances. While fascist parties had broad political leeway, conservatives preserved many social and economic privileges. Goals of forced national unity, purity, and expansion, accompanied by propaganda-driven public excitement, held the mixture together. War opened opportunities for fascist extremists to pursue these goals to the point of genocide. Paxton shows how these opportunities manifested themselves differently in France, in Britain, in the Low Countries, and in Eastern Europe-and yet failed to achieve supreme power. He goes on to examine whether fascism can exist outside the specific early-twentieth-century European setting in which it emerged, and whether it can reappear today. This groundbreaking book, based on a lifetimeof research, will have a lasting impact on our understanding of twentieth-century history.

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Review: The Anatomy of Fascism

User Review  - Elliott Bignell - Goodreads

The central questions which this book seeks to answer are what is fascism and what conditions lead to its rise. It proves a remarkably slippery beast to pin down. As the author points out, everyone ... Read full review

Review: The Anatomy of Fascism

User Review  - Anthony Cristina - Goodreads

Fascism was once alive—not a film or figment of popular culture. Robert Paxton argues against the idea of a collective ideology common in modern interpretations of fascism, distinguishing between its ... Read full review

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About the author (2005)

Robert O. Paxton taught at Columbia University. His other books include Vichy France, Vichy France and the Jews (with Michael Marrus), Europe in the Twentieth Century, and French Peasant Fascism. He lives in New York City.

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