Free Trade Zone and Port Hinterland Development
United Nations Publications, 2005 - Business & Economics - 128 pages
This report looks at examples of Free trade zones (FTZ) from around the world and sees how the concept of logistics centres can be applied in practice. The report concludes that the traditional import/export port needs to move into one of two markets, or a combination of both; these markets are transhipment or logistics centres. The report identifies that an optimum enabling environment needs to be created that is service orientated, largely free of bureaucracy and has excellent connectivity both physically and electronically between all stakeholders. Where the optimum enabling environment cannot be implemented nationwide, the creation of a FTZ is a first step to attracting funds necessary to finance this change. The report concludes with a summary of the key guidelines for policy makers to consider in the transition from a traditional import/export port to a logistics centre port. Publishing Agency: United Nations (UN).
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General concepts FTZ and port hinterland
The port industry
Recent developments in FTZs and port hinterlands in Asia and Europe
Implications of WTOs agreement for logistics FTZs
Strategic practices in business
Best practices and policy guidelines
Airport attract beneﬁt cargo cent China CMA CGM companies competition concept container terminal cost Council customs Dalian distribution centres Distriparks domestic economic development Economic Zone efﬁcient employment enterprises EPZs established ETDZs European exemption export processing zones facilities factors FEZs ﬁrms ﬁrst ﬂow free trade zones free zones FTZs FTZs or logistic global Guangzhou hub ports important incentives increase Industrial Park infrastructure international logistics Jiangsu labour lncheon logistics centres logistics FTZs logistics hub logistics industry Logistics Park logistics-oriented Maersk Sealand manufacturing member countries metres million offshore port hinterland development Port of Rotterdam preferential policies Prohibited subsidies Qingdao regional Republic of Korea role SCM Agreement sector Shanghai Shenzhen shippers shipping lines Singapore special zones speciﬁc square kilometres storage strategies supply chain management Table terminal operators Tianjin transhipment transport trends Type value-added warehousing Zhangjiagang