Solid State Batteries
César A.C. Sequeira, A. Hooper
Springer Science & Business Media, 1985 - Science - 584 pages
The holding of an Advanced Study Institute on the topic of "Solid State Batteries" at this time represented a logical progression in a series of NATO-sponsored events. Summer Schools at Belgerati, Italy in 1972 and Ajaccio, Corsica in 1975 on the topic of "Solid -State IOllics" dealt with fundamental aspects of solid-state electro chemistry and materials science. The application of specific solid ionic conductors played a significant role in the Science Committee Institute on "Materials for Advanced Batteries" held at Aussois, France in 1979. Interest in these and related fields has grown substantially over this period, and is sustained today. Research and development programmes exist within universities, governmental research laboratories and industry, worldwide and a series of international conferences and collaborations have been set up. Advanced batteries, both secondary and primary, have a potentially important role ~o play in the development of many areas of tech nology in the late 20th century and beyond. Applications include stationary storage, vehicle traction and remote power sources, as well as industrial and domestic cordless products and consumer and military electronics. The concept of an all-so lid-state battery is not new but, until recently, their performance has precluded their use in other than specialist low power, primary, applications. Recent materials' developments, however, make the solid-state battery a real possibility in all of the application sectors mentioned above. Further, such cells offer many attractive features over alternative present-day and advanced systems.
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active addition anode applications associated battery capacity cathode cation cell changes charge chemical circuit complex components composition compounds concentration conductivity conductors constant crystal curves cycling dependence determined devices diffusion discharge discussed effect electrical Electrochem electrode energy energy density equation example Figure give given glass higher impedance important increase indicated insertion intercalation interface involved ionic ionic conductivity ions layer limited liquid lithium materials measurements mechanical metal method mobile obtained occur operation overvoltage oxide parameters performance phase plots polarization polymer positive possible potential present primary problem properties range reaction rechargeable relatively resistance salt samples shown shows silver solid electrolyte Solid State Ionics solution specific stability storage structure studies surface techniques temperature term thin Tofield transport values voltage volume