Art and Architecture of the Synagogue in Late Antique Palestine: In the Shadow of the Church

Front Cover
BRILL, Nov 29, 2006 - Religion - 608 pages
This study is a re-assessment of the impact of Christian art and architecture on synagogues in Late Antique Palestine, focussing on features common to both churches and synagogues. Why did radical changes appear in Jewish art and architecture during a period of competition with Christians?
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
1
Chapter One Evolution and ancient synagogues
18
12 Normative Judaism and the forbidden image
19
13 Synagogue scholarship in the early nineteenth century
20
14 Beginnings of the evolutionary theory of synagogue plans
22
15 Galilean regionalism
29
16 Recent publications
30
Chapter Two Excavated synagogues dating to the Byzantine period
33
Chapter Five Dated Churches in Galilee and the Chancel Screen
141
52 Historical sources
143
53 Churches Dated by Inscription
145
54 Dating the Chancel Screen in Churches
160
Chapter Six Ecclesiastical Furnishings in Synagogues
162
62 Written sources for platforms in synagogues
165
63 Archaeological evidence for the raised platforms in synagogues
170
64 Another type of small stepped platform
188

21 Archaeological evidence for unequivocal synagogues by century
34
22 Archaeological evidence for undated synagogues or those having equivocal building chronologies
55
23 Metrological evidence corroborates material evidence for Byzantine dating
82
Chapter Three On the Orientation of Ancient Synagogues and Churches
84
32 Orientation of synagogues
86
33 Christian prayer toward East
87
34 Archaeological evidence for Christian direction of prayer
88
JewishChristian ChristianJewish or separate
95
37 Archaeological evidence in synagogues for direction of prayer
99
view and access to some platforms interrupted by columns and entrances
100
39 An enhanced axis in synagogues
101
310 Bema and chancel screens in churches and synagogues
102
311 Conclusion
103
Chapter Four The façade motif in ancient synagogues
106
42 Inscriptions referring to the Torah Shrine
112
43 Archaeological evidence for the Torah Shrine
116
44 Torah Shrine or Torah Ark
119
45 Scrolls in late antiquity
120
46 Iconography of the façade motif from funerary contexts
124
47 A closer look at synagogue pavements
127
48 Depictions of the Torah Shrine on glass
133
the Torah Shrine
135
411 An enlarged façade with columns motif
136
412 Conclusion
139
65 Archaeological evidence from Palestine for an ambo in synagogues
191
sources on the ambo in early churches
193
marking the sacred space in churches
194
68 Chancel screens in synagogues in late Antique Palestine
196
69 The Chair of Moses or Kathedra in synagogues
201
610 Conclusion
202
Chapter Seven The Niche and the Apse in Synagogues
205
72 Semicircular niches in synagogues
210
73 Rectangular niche
215
74 Rectangular chambers as the synagogues focal point
218
75 Apses in churches and synagogues
222
76 The appearance of the apse as an architectural feature in synagogues in relation to Byzantine liturgical practice
228
77 Artistic Representations of The First Entrance and The Gospel Enthroned
232
78 Competition with Christianity and adaptation in the synagogue
234
Conclusion
236
Appendix A On Vitruvius a synagogue and five churches in the Provinces of Syria and Palestine
243
A2 Methodology
246
A3 Churches with identical dimensions
248
A4 Conclusion
257
1 Metrology of Churches and Synagogues
259
Bibliography
273
The Catalogue
299
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information