Hostages and Hostage-Taking in the Roman Empire
Hundreds of foreign hostages were detained among the Romans as the empire grew in the Republic and early Principate. As prominent figures at the center of diplomacy and as “exotic” representatives, or symbols, of the outside world, they drew considerable attention in Roman literature and other artistic media. Our sources discuss hostages in terms of the geopolitics that motivated their detention, as well as in accordance with other structures of power. Hostages, thus, could be located in a social hierarchy, in a family network, in a cultural continuum, or in a sexual role. In these schemes, an individual Roman, or Rome in general, becomes not just a conqueror, but also a patron, father, teacher, or generically masculine. By focusing on the characterizations of hostages in Roman culture, we witness Roman attitudes toward ethnicity and imperial power. Joel Allen received his Ph.D. from Yale University and currently is Assistant Professor of History at Queens College, City University of New York.
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ˆotages Afrique du Nord Agricola American Philological Association AmericanJournal ofPhilology ancient Rome Angeles Ann Arbor Antichthon antiquity Ara Pacis Ara Pacis Augustae Aufstieg und Niedergang Augustan Augustus Aymard Berkeley Boccard Braund Brill Caesar California Press Cambridge University Press Cherchel children in ancient Clarendon Press Classical Philology Classical Quarterly comité des travaux Corbier culture Eckstein Greece and Rome Gruen Hecyra Helios historiques et scientifiques Hostages Journal ofRoman Studies Juba Juba II Latomus Leiden Livy’s London Lucian Michigan Press Moscovich Niedergang der römische ofRoman Archaeology ofRome ofthe American Philological ofthe Roman Ovid’s Metamorphoses Oxford University Press Paltiel Paris Parthian Poenulus political Polybius Princeton University Princeton University Press Raaflaub Rape Rawson Republican Rome Roman Britain Roman Dacia Roman empire Roman imperialism Roman Republic Roman world römische Welt Routledge Saller Scardigli School at Rome Scipio Steiner Stuttgart Tacitus Thefamily Transactions ofthe American travaux historiques University of California Yale University Yale University Press York