Problems from Locke
J.L. Mackie selects for critical discussion six related topics which are prominent in John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding: the distinction between primary and secondary qualities; representative theories of perception; substance, real essence, and nominal essence; abstract ideas, universals, and the meaning of general terms; identity, especially personal identity; and the conflict between empiricism and the doctrine of innate ideas. He examines Locke's argumentscarefully, but his chief interest is in the problems themselves, which are important for our attempt to decide what sor.
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PRIMARY AND SECONDARY QUALITIES
s Bennetts distinction
REPRESENTATIVE THEORIES OF PERCEPTION
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abstract actions actual admits allow answer applied argued argument Aristotelian atoms belief Berkeley body called causal Chapter clear colour common complex conceived concept concern consciousness consider constitution continuity course defended determinate Diagram difficulties discussion distinction essential evidence example existence experience explain fact further give gold ideas images individual innate intended internal interpretation kind knowledge language least less linguistic Locke Locke's logic material matter meaning memory merely mind names natural nominal essence notion objective observation occur once ordinary original particular perception perhaps persisting personal identity philosophical physical possible powers present primary principle problem processes properties purely qualities question real essence reason recognize refer relation remember representative requirements resemblances respect seems sense shape simple sort speak substance suggests suppose theory thesis things thought tion true truth universals