Dynamic Cognitive Processes
Nobuo Ohta, Colin M. MacLeod, Bob Uttl
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 9, 2006 - Psychology - 397 pages
The conference from which this book derives took place in Tsukuba, Japan in March 2004. The fifth in a continuing series of conferences, this one was organized to examine dynamic processes in "lower order" cognition from perception to attention to memory, considering both the behavioral and the neural levels. We were fortunate to attract a terrific group of con tributors representing five countries, which resulted in an exciting confer ence and, as the reader will quickly discover, an excellent set of chapters. In Chapter 1, we will provide a sketchy "road map" to these chapters, elu cidating some of the themes that emerged at the conference. The conference itself was wonderful. We very much enjoyed the vari ety of viewpoints and issues that we all had the opportunity to grapple with. There were lively and spirited exchanges, and many chances to talk to each other about exciting new research, precisely what a good confer ence should promote. We hope that the readers of this book will have the same experience—moving from careful experimental designs in the cogni tive laboratory to neural mechanisms measured by new technologies, from the laboratory to the emergency room, from perceptual learning to changes in memory over decades, all the while squarely focusing on how best to explain cognition, not simply to measure it. Ultimately, the goal of science is, of course, explanation. We also hope that the reader will come away absolutely convinced that cognition is a thoroughly dynamic, interactive system.
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TopDown and BottomUp Processes in the Perception of 37
Dynamic Uses of Memory in Visual Search Over
Memory for Information Perceived Without Awareness
A Constnlctionist Account of 101
Is Memory Retrieved
The Role of Inhibitory Control in Forgetting Unwanted
Encoding Deselection and LongTenn Memory 191
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activation age-related amnesia attention autobiographical memory baseline beneﬁt Bjork condition consciousness context cortex cube cue word deselection difﬁcult directed forgetting effect display distractor Einstein encoding episodic memory episodic ProM task evidence Experiment Experimental Psychology explicit F items ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁxation function Graf hemispatial neglect hippocampal hypermnesia impaired implicit memory inﬂuence inhibition inhibitory instructions item method Journal of Experimental leaming Learning list marker list method directed MacLeod McDaniel mechanisms memory tasks mental Psychology method directed forgetting Moscovitch Necker cube negative priming neural older adults ongoing task paradigm participants patients pattem perceived without awareness perception presented processing ProM cue ProMP prospective memory recall recognition reﬂect remembering reminiscence repetition blindness response RetM retrieval retrieval-induced forgetting retrograde amnesia retrospective memory reversible ﬁgure selective rehearsal semantic memory signiﬁcant speciﬁc stimuli Stroop studies sub-list subjects target words theory tion trials Uttl Whittlesea word stem