Islam, Secularism and Nationalism in Modern Turkey: Who is a Turk?

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Routledge, May 2, 2006 - History - 256 pages
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It is commonly believed that during the interwar period, Kemalist secularism successfully eliminated religion from the public sphere in Turkey, leaving Turkish national identity devoid of religious content. However, through its examination of the impact of the Ottoman millet system on Turkish and Balkan nationalisms, this book presents a different view point. Cagaptay demonstrates that the legacy of the Ottomon millet system which divided the Ottoman population into religious compartments called millets, shaped Turkey’s understanding of nationalism in the interwar period. Providing a compelling examination of why and how religion shapes national identity in Turkey and the Balkans the book covers topics including:

* Turkish nationalism
* the Ottoman legacy
* Kemalist citizenship policies and immigration
* Kurds, Muslims and Jews and the ethno-religious limits of Turkishness.

Incorporating documents from untapped Turkish archives, this book is essential reading for scholars and students with research interests in Turkey, Turkish nationalism and Middle East history.

 

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Contents

Turkish nationalism today
1
The Ottoman legacy
4
2 Secularism Kemalist nationalism Turkishness and the minorities in the 1920s
11
The rise of Turkish nationalism
41
Kemalist citizenship policies
65
Kemalist immigration and resettlement policies
82
Kurds and other Muslims as Turks
102
Christians excluded from the nation
124
Turks or not?
140
Understanding Turkish nationalism in modern Turkeythe Kemalist legacy
156
Notes
163
Bibliography
223
Index
245
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About the author (2006)

Soner Cagaptay is senior fellow and director of the Turkish Research Program at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, a Washington-based think tank. His research interests include U.S.-Turkish relations and modern Turkish history.

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