Summerfolk: A History of the Dacha, 1710–2000

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Cornell University Press, Feb 20, 2003 - Architecture - 260 pages
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The dacha is a sometimes beloved, sometimes scorned Russian dwelling. Alexander Pushkin summered in one; Joseph Stalin lived in one for the last twenty years of his life; and contemporary Russian families still escape the city to spend time in them. Stephen Lovell's generously illustrated book is the first social and cultural history of the dacha. Lovell traces the dwelling's origins as a villa for the court elite in the early eighteenth century through its nineteenth-century role as the emblem of a middle-class lifestyle, its place under communist rule, and its post-Soviet incarnation.

A fascinating work rich in detail, Summerfolk explores the ways in which Russia's turbulent past has shaped the function of the dacha and attitudes toward it. The book also demonstrates the crucial role that the dacha has played in the development of Russia's two most important cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, by providing residents with a refuge from the squalid and crowded metropolis. Like the suburbs in other nations, the dacha form of settlement served to alleviate social anxieties about urban growth. Lovell shows that the dacha is defined less by its physical location"usually one or two hours" distance from a large city yet apart from the rural hinterland—than by the routines, values, and ideologies of its inhabitants.

Drawing on sources as diverse as architectural pattern books, memoirs, paintings, fiction, and newspapers, he examines how dachniki ("summerfolk") have freed themselves from the workplace, cultivated domestic space, and created informal yet intense intellectual communities. He also reflects on the disdain that many Russians have felt toward the dacha, and their association of its lifestyle with physical idleness, private property, and unproductive use of the land. Russian attitudes toward the dacha are, Lovell asserts, constantly evolving. The word "dacha" has evoked both delight in and hostility to leisure. It has implied both the rejection of agricultural labor and, more recently, a return to the soil. In Summerfolk, the dacha is a unique vantage point from which to observe the Russian social landscape and Russian life in the private sphere.

 

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Summerfolk: a history of the dacha, 1710-2000

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In the glare of contemporary Russian history, some of the cultural or populist aspects of history get somewhat short shrift. The dacha (the allocation of property rights) as used by Peter the Great to ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
1
Prehistory
8
Between City and Court The Middle Third of the Nineteenth Century
28
The Late Imperial Dacha Boom
58
Between Arcadia and Suburbia The Dacha as a Cultural Space 18601917
86
The Making of the Soviet Dacha 19171941
118
Between Consumption and Ownership Exurban Life 19411986
163
PostSoviet Suburbanization? Dacha Settlements in Contemporary Russia
209
Conclusion
232
Note on Sources
237
Bibliography
241
Index
255
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Stephen Lovell is Professor of Modern History at King's College London. He is the author of Summerfolk: A History of the Dacha, 1710–2000; The Soviet Union: A Very Short Introduction; The Shadow of War: Russia and the Soviet Union, 1941 to the Present; and Russia in the Microphone Age: A History of Soviet Radio, 1919–1970.

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