Funding a Revolution: Government Support for Computing Research

Front Cover

The past 50 years have witnessed a revolution in computing and related communications technologies. The contributions of industry and university researchers to this revolution are manifest; less widely recognized is the major role the federal government played in launching the computing revolution and sustaining its momentum. Funding a Revolution examines the history of computing since World War II to elucidate the federal government's role in funding computing research, supporting the education of computer scientists and engineers, and equipping university research labs. It reviews the economic rationale for government support of research, characterizes federal support for computing research, and summarizes key historical advances in which government-sponsored research played an important role.
Funding a Revolution contains a series of case studies in relational databases, the Internet, theoretical computer science, artificial intelligence, and virtual reality that demonstrate the complex interactions among government, universities, and industry that have driven the field. It offers a series of lessons that identify factors contributing to the success of the nation's computing enterprise and the government's role within it.

 

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Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1
Federal and industry funding for computing research
4
THE FEDERAL ROLE IN COMPUTING RESEARCH
15
ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES ON PUBLIC
40
The Benefits of Public Support of Research
46
3
52
4
85
LESSONS FROM HISTORY
136
DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNET AND
169
INTANGIBLE
184
DEVELOPMENTS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
198
and related fields and in computer science 19561995
221
VIRTUAL REALITY COMES OF AGE
226
BIBLIOGRAPHY
250
COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES
267
Copyright

CASE STUDIES IN COMPUTING RESEARCH
157

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