Force Mulberry - The Planning and Installation of Artificial Harbor Off U.S. Normandy Beaches in World War II
In this book Commander Stanford has made a very important contribution to the history of World War II, and in the writing of it he has recaptured the tense excitement, almost desperation, of planning and executing the landings in Normandy. The “Mulberries,” the two artificial harbors established immediately after the initial landings, were absolutely essential for the success of Operation Overlord. For, as we found out in World War II, the most difficult thing in an amphibious operation is not to establish the initial beachhead—that can almost always be done if sufficient force is employed and tactical surprise is obtained—but to sustain and reinforce the ground troops against the beachhead, and attain the objective. Massive as was the Anglo-American assault on the Normandy beaches, it had to be followed up immediately by even greater increments of men, armor, vehicles and supplies to make it succeed. There was no possibility of getting all this ashore over wave-lashed beaches where spring tides rose twenty-one feet. One or more ports were essential to maintain an even flow of men and matériel. But all the French ports, notably the nearest ones at Cherbourg and Le Havre, were so strongly held by the enemy that the capture of one would employ forces badly needed elsewhere for at least six weeks, during which the Germans would be unexpectedly weak or very stupid if they did not succeed in rubbing out the initial beachhead. The only possible way out of this dilemma was the apparently impossible task of providing sheltered water off the beaches within a matter of three days. Since speed was of the essence, all elements of the artificial harbors would have to be constructed in England, towed across the Channel under danger of wind, weather and enemy air attack, and sited under fire.
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The success of the invasion would depend
Believed to be H M S Minster
Request program be anticipated
Proceed in to new LST pier
Outlook Wednesday to Friday little change
keep clear of Mulberry area
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Force Mulberry - The Planning and Installation of Artificial Harbor Off U.S ...
No preview available - 2008
Admiral Kirk Admiral Stark Admiral Stark’s Admiral Tennant Admiralty American anchor ANCXF ashore assault area assembly area beach blockships Bombardon caissons Captain Clark Captain Flanigan CB’s Channel Cherbourg Comdr Commander Mulberry ComNavEu concrete convoy Cotentin Peninsula crews Dday Deputy Commander Deputy CTF dispatch enemy engines feet fire floating Force Mulberry German Gooseberry Grosvenor Square guns harbor headquarters invasion June landing craft LCT’s Lieutenant Barton Lieutenant Commander Bassett Lieutenant Freeburn Lobnitz pier Lobnitz pierhead Logistics London minesweeping Minster moored Mulberry staff Mulberry’s night Number Twenty officers Omaha Omaha Beach Overlord Peel Bank personnel Phoenix breakwater Phoenix units planning pontoons port Portsmouth problem RAM/P Rear Adm salvage SC’s Selsey Bill ship shore signal spud ST tugs steel structures sunk Task Force 122 tide towing U.S. Army U.S. Naval U.S. Navy USNR Utah Utah Beach vessels Whale bridging Whale roadway Whale units XII Fleet