Notes of a Military Reconnoissance from Fort Leavenworth, in Missouri to San Diego, in California, Including Part of the Arkansas, Del Norte, and Gila Rivers
H. Long & Brother, 1848 - Discoveries in geography - 230 pages
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alcalde Alpha Aquilae altitudes of Polaris animals Apaches appearance Aqua Caliente Arkansas Armijo artillery barometer basalt Bent’s branches cacti Calm and clear camp cañon Captain carpels cattle Chihuahua chronometers Clear and calm clouds Colonel Colorado Cordilleras of California cotton-wood covered creek crossed desert diameter distance dragoons east encamped enemy feet high Figure flowers Fort Leavenworth fruit genus Gila river grama grass ground halted height hills horses Indians Kearny last night latitude Leavenworth leaves Lieutenant longitude lunar distances Mexican Mexico mezcal mezquite miles distant mountains mounted mouth mules nearly November observations October party passed Pimos plains plant Polaris rain rancheria reached road route San Diego sand sandstone Santa Fé seen September shrub side soil Sonora species specimens stamens stream table lands to-day topographical engineers Torr town trail tributaries valley village wagons willow wind
Page 127 - To us it was a rare sight to be thrown in the midst of a large cation of what is termed wild Indians, surpassing many of the Christian nations in agriculture, little behind them in the useful arts, and immeasurably before them in honesty and virtue.
Page 151 - In no part of this vast tract can the rains from heaven be relied on, to any extent, for the cultivation of the soil. The earth is destitute of trees, and in great part also of any vegetation whatever. " A few feeble streams flow in different directions from the great mountains, which in many places traverse this region. These streams are separated, sometimes by plains, and sometimes by mountains, without water and without vegetation, and may be called deserts, so far as they perform any useful part...
Page 167 - Thus were put to rest together and forever a band of brave and heroic men. The long march of 2,000 miles had brought our little command, both officers and men, to know each other well. Community of hardships, dangers, and privations had produced relations of mutual regard which caused their loss to sink deep in our memory.
Page 118 - November 12. — We procured a sufficiency of corn, wheat, and beans from the Pimos, but only two or three bullocks, and neither horses nor mules. They have but few cattle, which are used in tillage, and apparently all steers, procured from the Mexicans. Their horses and mules were not plenty, and those they possessed were prized extravagantly high. One dashing young fellow, with ivory teeth and flowing hair, was seen coming into our camp at full speed, on a wild unruly horse, that flew from side...
Page 38 - Pecos is situated, with a very inconsiderable population. August 18. —We were this morning 29 miles from Santa Fe. Reliable information, from several sources, had reached camp yesterday and the day before, that dissensions had arisen in Armijo's camp, which had dispersed his army, and that he had fled to the south, carrying all his artillery and 100 dragoons with him. Not a hostile...
Page 40 - Henceforth I absolve you from all allegiance to the Mexican government, and from all obedience to General Armijo. He is no longer your governor [great sensation in the plaza] ; I am your governor.
Page 127 - He stretched himself on his horse's neck, caressed it tenderly, at the same time shutting his eyes, meaning thereby that no offer could tempt him to part with his charger.
Page 42 - F6 in an imposing form, frequent halts were made to allow the artillery- to come up. Their horses almost gave out, and during the day mule after mule was placed before the guns, until scarcely one of them was spared. The head of the column arrived in sight of the town about three o'clock; it was six before the rear came up. Vigil and twenty or thirty of the people of the town received us at the palace and asked us to partake of some wine and brandy of domestic manufacture. It was from the Passo del...
Page 128 - Salt river, and all that has been said of the Pimos. is applicable to them. They live in cordial amity, and their habits, agriculture, religion, and manufactures, are the same. In stature, they are taller; their noses are more 8 113 . aquiline, and they have a much readier manner of speaking and acting.