King, Governance, and Law in Ancient India: Kautilya's Arthasastra
King, Governance, and Law in Ancient India presents an English translation of Kautilya's Arthasastra (AS.) along with detailed endnotes. When it was discovered around 1905, the AS. was described as perhaps the most precious work in the whole range of Sanskrit literature, an assessment that still rings true. Patrick Olivelle's new translation of this significant text, the first in close to half a century, takes into account a number of important advances in our knowledge of the texts, inscriptions, and archeological and art historical remains from the period in Indian history to which the AS. belongs.
The AS. is what we would today call a scientific treatise. It codifies a body of knowledge handed down in expert traditions and is specifically interested in two things: first, how a king can expand his territory, keep enemies at bay, enhance his external power, and amass riches; second, how a king can best organize his state bureaucracy to consolidate his internal power, to suppress internal enemies, to expand the economy, to enhance his treasury through taxes, duties, and entrepreneurial activities, to keep law and order, and to settle disputes among his subjects. The AS. stands alone: there is nothing like it before and there is nothing like it after.
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On the Subject of Training
On the Activities of Superintendents
Eradication of Thorns
On Secret Conduct
Basis of the Circle
Conduct toward Confederacies
On the Weaker King
Means of Capturing a Fort
On Esoteric Practices
Organization of a Scientific Treatise
Fauna and Flora
Weights and Measures
12 Paṇas Activities of Superintendents ally Amarakośa amount animals army Arthaśāstra ascetic attack Book Brāhmaṇa bride price calamity affecting Cāṇakyaṭīkā carried Chapter chariots color compound concludes consociates constitute context countryside courtesan Dharmaśāstras Dvandva elephants emendation enemy enemy’s exemplary qualities explains fire forest produce Gaṇapati Śāstrī ghee give given gold grain Harihara horses kāma Kangle takes Kangle thinks Kangle translates Kangle’s killed kinds king king’s land located lowest seizure Mahābhārata Malayalam commentary maṇḍala manuscripts march into battle marriage meaning appears measures Meyer military ministers Nāga night official one’s outwits Palas Pańcatantra Pāṇini passage peace pact person poison prakrti punishment reading rear region royal sandalwood saṅgha Sanskrit says Kauṭilya Scharfe Schlingloff secret agents seeker after conquest sentence Shamasastry someone Śūdra term territory tion Topic traders traitorous treasury treatise tribal chiefs troops unclear Vedic verse village wife Wojtilla woman