Black Troops, White Commanders and Freedmen During the Civil War
Recounting the experiences of black soldiers in the Civil War
In the ten probing essays collected in this volume, Howard C. Westwood recounts the often bitter experiences of black men who were admitted to military service and the wrenching problems associated with the shifting status of African Americans during the Civil War.
Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen during the Civil War covers topics ranging from the roles played by Lincoln and Grant in beginning black soldiery to the sensitive issues that arose when black soldiers (and their white officers) were captured by the Confederates. The essays relate the exploits of black heroes such as Robert Smalls, who singlehandedly captured a Confederate steamer, as well as the experiences of the ignoble Reverend Fountain Brown, who became the first person charged with violating the Emancipation Proclamation.
Although many thousands were enlisted as soldiers, blacks were barred from becoming commissioned officers and for a long time they were paid far less than their white counterparts. These and other blatant forms of discrimination understandably provoked discontent among black troops which, in turn, sparked friction with their white commanders. Westwood's fascinating account of the artillery company from Rhode Island amply demonstrates how frustrations among black soldiers came to be seen as "mutiny" by some white officers.
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Lincolns Position on Black Enlistments
Grants Role in Beginning Black Soldiery
Benjamin Butlers Enlistment of Black Troops in New Orleans in 1862
Generals David Hunter and Rufus Saxton and Black Soldiers
Mr Smalls A Personal Adventure
Captive Black Union Soldiers in CharlestonWhat to Do?
Sherman Marchedand Proclaimed Land for the Landless
The Cause and Consequence of a Union Black Soldiers Mutiny and Execution
Company A of Rhode Islands Black Regiment Its Enlisting Its Mutiny Its Pay Its Service
The Reverend Fountain Brown Alleged Violator of the Emancipation Proclamation
Other editions - View all
Black Troops, White Commanders and Freedmen during the Civil War
Limited preview - 1991
21st USCT 37th Cong approval April Arch Arkansas attorney August August 25 authority battalion Beauregard Ben Butler black regiments black soldiers black troops Bonham Papers Brown File Butler Correspondence captives captured Charleston Civil Colonel Colored command Company Confederate Congress Cooley Cornish court-martial Daily Journal Department duty Emancipation Proclamation Executive Fort Jefferson free blacks Freedmen Freedmen's Bureau governor Grant Papers Halleck Holt Howard Hunter January JCCW July June labor land letter Lieutenant Lincoln Louisiana March McAfee military mutiny navy Negro Orleans Phelps Pine Bluff plantations Planter Port Royal president president's Press prisoners Rebel rebellion received Records recruiting refugees Rhode Island Robert Smalls Roll Rufus Saxton Sable Arm Savannah secretary secretary of war Seddon sent Sept Sergeant Sess Sherman slavery slaves Smalls South Carolina Stanton statute testimony Thomas Trescot U.S. Stat Union army Univ USCT vols Walker Washington wrote York