books.google.com - The first complete English translation of the introduction to a history of the world by the 14th-century Islamic scholar and statesman Ibn Khaldūn....https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Muqaddimah_an_introduction_to_histor.html?id=x0OTTtZKGe0C&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareThe Muqaddimah : an introduction to history ; in three volumes
Called the Father of the Philosophy of History and the Father of Sociology, Ibn Khaldun is considered the first and one of the greatest philosophers of history. Born in Muslim Spain and educated in Tunis, he served as a judge and a secretary in the service of rulers in both Spain and North Africa. In 1382 he moved to Egypt, where he became chief judge of Cairo and a lecturer at the Azhar Mosque University. In 1400 he accompanied the Egyptians on their campaign against the Mongol warrior Tamerlane and played a role in the arrangements for the surrender of Damascus. Ibn Khaldun gained much recognition for his seven-volume work on universal history, Kitab al-Ibar (Book of Lessons). In the work, focused mostly on the Muslim world, Ibn Khaldun attempts to treat history as a science. He made his most important contribution in the first part of the work, Muqaddimah (The Introduction), in which he outlines his philosophy of history, analyzing causes of events and setting social, geographic, and economic contexts for historical changes.