Homer and the Bible in the Eyes of Ancient Interpreters

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Maren Niehoff
BRILL, Mar 6, 2012 - Religion - 372 pages
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Thus far intepretations of Homer and the Bible have largely been studied in isolation even though both texts became foundational for Western civilisation and were often commented upon in the same cultural context. The present collection of articles redresses this imbalance by bringing together scholars from different fields and offering prioneering essays, which cross traditional boundaries and interpret Biblical and Homeric interpreters in light of each other. The picture which emerges from these studies in highly complex: Greek, Jewish and Christian readers were concerned with similar literary and religious questions, often defining their own position in dialogue with others. Special attention is given to three central corpora: the Alexandrian scholia, Philo, Platonic writers of the Imperial Age, rabbinic exegesis.
 

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Contents

Why Compare Homers Readers to Biblical Readers?
3
Reception of the Homeric Poems in Antiquity and Modernity
15
Scripture and Paideia in Late Antiquity
29
Only God Knows the Correct Reading The Role of Homer the Quran and the Bible in the Rise of Philology and Grammar
43
GreekSpeaking Interpreters
85
Critical σημεια from Zenodotus to Origen
87
Topos Didaskalikos and AnaphoraTwo Interrelated Principles in Aristarchus Commentaries
113
Philo and Plutarch on Homer
127
Homerisms in the Graecus Venetus
199
Hebraic or Aramaic Speaking Interpreters
219
The TwentyFour Books of the Hebrew Bible and Alexandrian Scribal Methods
221
Rabbinic Appropriations of Late Ancient Literary Criticism
245
Designating Dependence in Rabbinic Halakhic Midrashim and Homeric Scholarship
269
Rabbinic Midrash and the Second Sophistic
299
Kishmuo as a Test Case
329
Literary Anthropology and the Rabbinic Sense of Self
345

Philo and the Allegorical Interpretation of Homer in the Platonic Tradition with an Emphasis on Porphyrys De Antro Nympharum
155
Exegetical Polemic in Galens Criticism of Chrysippus
175

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About the author (2012)

Maren R. Niehoff, D.Phil. (1989) in Jewish Studies, Oxford University, is Associate Professor of Jewish Thought at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She was publisehd extensively on Philo, ancient Judaism and early Christianity, including her recent book Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship (Cambridge, 2011).

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