First Workshop on Grand Unification: New England Center University of New Hampshire April 10–12, 1980
This workshop held at the New England Center provided a timely opportunity for over 100 participants to gather in a unique environment and discuss the present status of the unification of strong and electroweak forces. One reason for the timeliness was perhaps that experiments of the seventies had already lent confirmation to the separate theories of strong and of electroweak forces, so that for the eighties it now seems especially compelling to attempt the grand unification of these two forces. Also, the planned experiments to search for proton decay and the new experiments which are suggestive, though not yet conclusive, of non-zero neutrino rest masses add further stimulus to the theory. Thus, the workshop provided an ideal forum for exchange of ideas amongst active physicists. The presentations at the workshop covered the present status of both theory and experiment with a strong interplay. Also, there were presentations from the discipline of astrophysics which is becoming very intertwined with that of high-energy physics especially when in the latter one is addressing energies and temperatures that were extant only in the first nanosecond of the universe. On experiment, we heard a comprehensive coverage of the four United States proton decay experiments. The Brookhaven-Irvine-Michigan experiment in the Morton Salt Mine at Fairport Harbor, Ohio was discussed by LARRY SULAK, while DAVID WINN talked on the Harvard-Purdue-Wisconsin effort in the Silver King Mine, Utah. MARVIN MARSHAK and RICHARD STEINBERG described respectively the Soudan Mine, Minnesot~ and the Homestake Mine, South Dakot~experiments.
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GRAND UNIFIED THEORIES WITHOUT SUPERHEAVY MAGNETIC MONOPOLES
SYMMETRY BREAKING PATTERNS FOR UNITARY AND ORTHOGONAL GROUPS
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addition angle appear background baryon beam bosons breaking calculations charged color combination conservation consider constant contains corresponding cosmic ray coupling density depend detection detector discussed effective energy example existence expected experimental experiments factor fermions fields Figure flux follows gauge give given grand unified heavy Higgs indicated interactions interesting invariant leads lepton Lett lifetime light limit mass scales matrix maximal measure mixing modes muon nature neutral neutrino masses neutron nucleon decay observed occur operators oscillations particles Phys Physics possible Preprint present processes produced proton decay quarks range ratio reactor representations require respectively scalar sensitive shown solution spontaneous subgroup suggested superheavy symmetry Table theory transition tubes unification universe violation weak