The Evolution of Human Populations in Arabia: Paleoenvironments, Prehistory and Genetics
Michael D. Petraglia, Jeffrey I. Rose
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 27, 2009 - Science - 312 pages
The romantic landscapes and exotic cultures of Arabia have long captured the int- ests of both academics and the general public alike. The wide array and incredible variety of environments found across the Arabian peninsula are truly dramatic; tro- cal coastal plains are found bordering up against barren sandy deserts, high mountain plateaus are deeply incised by ancient river courses. As the birthplace of Islam, the recent history of the region is well documented and thoroughly studied. However, legendary explorers such as T.E. Lawrence, Wilfred Thesiger, and St. John Philby discovered hints of a much deeper past during their travels across the subcontinent. Drawn to Arabia by the magnifcent solitude of its vast sand seas, these intrepid adventurers learned from the Bedouin how to penetrate its deserts and returned with stirring accounts of lost civilizations among the wind-swept dunes. We now know that, prior to recorded history, Arabia housed countless peoples living a variety of lifestyles, including some of the world’s earliest pastoralists, c- munities of incipient farmers, fshermen dubbed the “Ichthyophagi” by ancient Greek geographers, and Paleolithic big-game hunters who were among the frst humans to depart their ancestral homeland in Africa. In fact, some archaeological investigations indicate that Arabia was inhabited by early hominins extending far back into the Early Pleistocene, perhaps even into the Late Pliocene.
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Acheulean al Khali Alsharekh Amirkhanov Arab Arabian Archaeology Arabian peninsula Arabian Studies archaeological Archaeology and Epigraphy arid artifacts Asia assemblages Atlal Bar-Yosef Barakah basin bifacial blades Clade Cleuziou climate coastal cores Crassard cultural dates Dawādmi debitage desert dispersal Early Holocene East Africa eastern Edens editors Emirates evidence evolution of human excavations flakes Gulf Hadramawt handaxes haplogroup highlands Holocene hominin human populations Indian Ocean Inizan Jebel Journal Khali Kivisild landscape Late Pleistocene Levant Levantine lineages lithic Lower Paleolithic Maigret microliths Middle Paleolithic millennium BC modern humans monsoon Mousterian mtDNA Neolithic northern obsidian occupation paleoenvironments period Petraglia MD populations in Arabia prehistory prehistory and genetics Quaternary Red Sea region Rose JI samples Saudi Arabia sea level sediments Seminar for Arabian settlement Sharjah South Arabia southern Arabia Springer Stone Age stone tool surface survey Tihamah tion Uerpmann Upper Paleolithic Upper Pleistocene Wādī Whalen Wilkinson Yemen Zarins