Dis-Enclosure: The Deconstruction of Christianity

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Fordham Univ Press, Aug 25, 2009 - Philosophy - 200 pages

This book is a profound and eagerly anticipated investigation into what is left of a monotheistic religious spirit—notably, a minimalist faith that is neither confessional nor credulous. Articulating this faith as works and as an objectless hope, Nancy deconstructs Christianity in search of the historical and reflective conditions that provided its initial energy. Working through Blanchot and Nietzsche, re-reading Heidegger and Derrida, Nancy turns to the Epistle of Saint James rather than those of Saint Paul, discerning in it the primitive essence of Christianity as hope.

The “religion that provided the exit from religion,” as he terms Christianity, consists in the announcement of an end. It is the announcement that counts, however, rather than any finality. In this announcement there is a proximity to others and to what was once called parousia. But parousia is no longer presence; it is no longer the return of the Messiah. Rather, it is what is near us and does not cease to open and to close, a presence deferred yet imminent.

In a demystified age where we are left with a vision of a self-enclosed world—in which humans are no longer mortals facing an immortal being, but entities whose lives are accompanied by the time of their own decline—parousia stands as a question. Can we venture the risk of a decentered perspective, such that the meaning of the world can be found both inside and outside, within and without our so-immanent world?

The deconstruction of Christianity that Nancy proposes is neither a game nor a strategy. It is an invitation to imagine a strange faith that enacts the inadequation of life to itself. Our lives overflow the self-contained boundaries of their biological and sociological interpretations. Out of this excess, wells up a fragile, overlooked meaning that is beyond both confessionalism and humanism.

 

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Contents

Atheism and Monotheism
14
A Deconstruction of Monotheism
29
The JudeoChristian on Faith
42
A Faith That Is Nothing at All
61
An Experience at Heart
75
Verbum caro factum
81
Blanchots Resurrection
89
Consolation Desolation
98
On a Divine Wink
104
An Exempting from Sense
121
Prayer Demythified
129
The Deconstruction of Christianity
139
DisEnclosure
158
Notes
175
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Jean-Luc Nancy is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the Université Marc Bloch, Strasbourg. His wide-ranging thought is developed in many books, including Expectation: Philosophy, Literature; The Possibility of a World; The Banality of Heidegger; The Disavowed Community; and, with Adèle Van Reeth, Coming (all Fordham).

Bettina Bergo is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Montréal and the author of Levinas: Between Ethics and Politics. The most recent of her many translations is, with Michael B. Smith, Judeities: Questions for Jacques Derrida (Fordham).

GABRIEL MALENFANT is a graduate student at the University of Montréal.

Michael B. Smith is Professor Emeritus of French and Philosophy at Berry College.

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