Rural Settlements and Society in Anglo-Saxon England
In the course of the fifth century, the farms and villas of lowland Britain were replaced by a new, distinctive form of rural settlement: the settlements of Anglo-Saxon communities. This volume presents the first major synthesis of the evidence - which has expanded enormously in recent years - for such settlements from across England and throughout the Anglo-Saxon period, and what it reveals about the communities who built and lived in them, and whose daily lives went almost wholly unrecorded. Helena Hamerow examines the appearance, 'life-cycles', and function of their buildings; the relationship of Anglo-Saxon settlements to the Romano-British landscape and to later medieval villages; the role of ritual in daily life; what distinguished 'rural' from 'urban' in this early period; and the relationship between farming regimes and settlement forms. A central theme throughout the book is the impact on rural producers of the rise of lordship and markets and how this impact is revealed through the remains of their settlements. Hamerow provides an introduction to the wealth of information yielded by settlement archaeology and to the enormous contribution that it makes to our understanding of Anglo-Saxon society.
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1 The study of AngloSaxon rural settlements
form function and social space
3 Settlement forms and community structures
4 The ritualization of domestic life
5 Farming systems and settlement forms
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aligned Anglo Anglo—Saxon buildings Anglo—Saxon England Anglo—Saxon period Anglo—Saxon settlements animal bone appears associated backﬁlled Bishopstone Blair Britain Bronze Age burials cemetery Chapter contained Cowdery’s deﬁned difﬁcult ditched enclosures early Anglo—Saxon settlements earth—fast timber buildings eighth century entrances evidence example excavated Eye Kettleby Farm farmsteads ﬁelds ﬁfth century ﬁg ﬁlls ﬁnds ﬁrst Flixborough floor Gardiner Goltho Grubenhiiuser Gruhenhauser Hall Hamerow hearth high—status Higham Ferrers Hope—Taylor ibid identiﬁed interpreted Iron Age landscape Late Saxon periods Late Saxon settlement layout long walls loomweights Loveluck ment Metres Mid and Late Mid Saxon period Mid Saxon settlement Millett Mucking ninth century North North Elmham occupation Oxford phase pits placed deposits post—built post—Roman postholes posts pottery Powlesland radiocarbon dates Rahtz Raunds rectilinear remains Reynolds ritual Roman Britain Romano—British rural settlements seventh century signiﬁcant sixth small number Springﬁeld Lyons structures suggests Sutton Courtenay tion Tipper village West Heslerton West Stow Yarnton Yeavering