Multicellular Animals: Volume II: The Phylogenetic System of the Metazoa

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 9, 2013 - Science - 396 pages
Those who wish for permanence in classifi cation must pay the price of stasis - as if for ever condemned to confound whales with fish. M. T. Ghiselin 1981, p. 283 Scientific argument is a debate concerned with the solution of unresolved problems. Before continuing with the phylogenetic system of the Metazoa this foreword gives me the opportunity to discuss some controversial ques tions, to state selected positions more precisely and to remedy omissions. I would like to draw special attention to serious problems for phylogenetic systematics resulting from the inevitable confrontation with the current rules of nomenclature 1. In carrying out this debate, I hope not to lose the goodwill of those readers who are experts within the first few pages. A textbook for students? - Critics who ask that question and answer in the negative probably underestimate the open-mindedness of young people who are not troubled by, or can easily free themselves from, the restraints and arbitrariness of traditional classifications - and to whom systematics is offered as a scientific product in such a form that arguments for every single decision are comprehensible and checkable and can therefore be fully analyzed.
 

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Contents

Trochozoa
1
Lacunifera
2
Kamptozoa Mollusca
3
Mollusca
6
Aplacophora Eumollusca
11
Caudofoveata
12
Polyplacophora Conchifera
14
Conchifera
17
Scorpiones Lipoctena
98
Lipoctena
100
Megoperculata Apulmonata
102
Uropygi Labellata
103
Labellata
105
Araneae
107
Mesothelae Opisthothelae
111
Neocribellatae
117

Neopilinida Ganglioneura
18
Ganglioneura
21
Gastropoda Cephalopoda
23
Cephalopoda
25
Ancyropoda
31
Scaphopoda Bivalvia
32
Bivalvia
33
Pulvinifera
38
Sipunculida Articulata
39
Articulata
42
Annelida Arthropoda
43
Polychaeta Clitellata
47
Scolecida Palpata
49
Palpata
50
Aciculata Canalipalpata
52
Canalipalpata
53
Echiurida
56
Clitellata
59
Hirudinomorpha
62
Branchiobdellida Hirudinea
65
Acanthobdella peledina Autobdella
69
Autobdella Euhirudinea
71
Rhynchobdellida Arhynchobdellida
72
Arthropoda
73
Onychophora Euarthropoda
77
Euarthropoda
79
Chelicerata Mandibulata
83
Pantopoda Euchelicerata
85
Euchelicerata
89
Arachnida
92
Pseudoscorpiones Solifugae
123
Acarinomorpha
130
Remipedia Eucrustacea
142
Anostraca Ostraca
148
Leptostraca Eumalacostraca
161
Peracarida
174
Progonomorpha
188
Cirripedia
192
Branchiura incl Pentastomida
199
Myriapoda Insecta
212
Geophilomorpha Heteroterga
218
Progoneata
226
Diplopoda
233
Pentazonia Helminthomorpha
239
Entognatha Ectognatha
260
Diplura
261
Archaeognatha Dicondylia
267
Odonata
277
Embioptera Orthopteromorpha
284
Blattodea
290
Ensifera
295
Psocodea Condylognatha
301
Condylognatha
307
Euhemiptera
313
Neuropteriformia Mecopteriformia
320
Raphidioptera
326
Lepidoptera
339
Tardigrada
354
Index
383
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