Reconstructing Proto-Afroasiatic (Proto-Afrasian): Vowels, Tone, Consonants, and Vocabulary

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University of California Press, Aug 30, 1995 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 557 pages
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This work provides the first truly comprehensive and systematic reconstruction of proto-Afroasiatic (proto-Afrasian). It rigorously applies, throughout, the established canon and techniques of the historical-comparative method. It also fully incorporates the most up-to-date evidence from the distinctive African branches of the family, Cushitic, Chadic, and Omotic. Using concrete and specific evidence and argument, the author proposes full vowel and consonant reconstructions and a provisional reckoning of tone. Each aspect of these reconstructions is substantiated in detail in an extensive etymological vocabulary of more than 1000 roots. The results, while confirming some previous views on proto-Afroasiatic (proto-Afrasian), revise or overturn many others, and add much that is new.
 

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Contents

Provisional Omotic Consonant Reconstructions
10
Attestations of Nominal Affixes
20
Attestations of Verb Extensions
35
Afroasiatic Afrasian Vowel Correspondences
57
Afroasiatic Afrasian Vowel Correspondences Revisited
67
PROTOAFROASIATIC PROTOAFRASIAN
71
The PAA Labial Obstruents
77
The PAA Dental Obstruents
120
The Laryngeal Consonants of PAA
338
The Laterals and r in PAA
390
Afroasiatic Afrasian Lateral Correspondences
394
The PAA Glides
452
Sources of Prenasalized Stops in Afroasiatic
479
Consonants of ProtoAfroasiatic ProtoAfrasian
481
Subclassification of Afroasiatic Afrasian
490
PreProtoSemitic Roots Additional to those presented
493

Afroasiatic Afrasian Dental Correspondences
122
The Velar and Labiovelar Obstruents in PAA
174
The PAA Alveolar and Palatal Obstruents
251
Afroasiatic Afrasian AlveolarPalatal Correspondences
253
The PAA Nasal Consonants
298
ProtoCushitic Roots Additional to those presented
519
Summary of Numbered Sound Shift Rules
529
ProtoAfroasiatic ProtoAfrasian Consonants
539
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About the author (1995)

Christopher Ehret is Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles.