## ThermodynamicsIndisputably, this is a modern classic of science. Based on a course of lectures delivered by the author at Columbia University, the text is elementary in treatment and remarkable for its clarity and organization. Although it is assumed that the reader is familiar with the fundamental facts of thermometry and calorimetry, no advanced mathematics beyond calculus is assumed. Partial contents: thermodynamic systems, the first law of thermodynamics (application, adiabatic transformations), the second law of thermodynamics (Carnot cycle, absolute thermodynamic temperature, thermal engines), the entropy (properties of cycles, entropy of a system whose states can be represented on a (V, p) diagram, Clapeyron and Van der Waals equations), thermodynamic potentials (free energy, thermodynamic potential at constant pressure, the phase rule, thermodynamics of the reversible electric cell), gaseous reactions (chemical equilibria in gases, Van't Hoff reaction box, another proof of the equation of gaseous equilibria, principle of Le Chatelier), the thermodynamics of dilute solutions (osmotic pressure, chemical equilibria in solutions, the distribution of a solute between 2 phases vapor pressure, boiling and freezing points), the entropy constant (Nernst's theorem, thermal ionization of a gas, thermionic effect, etc.). |

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User Review - nealjking - LibraryThingThis is a great introduction to Thermodynamics. Fermi's physical insight shines through in his applications. Read full review

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additive constant adiabatic amount of heat apply assume atmosphere atomic heat boiling point calculate calories Carnot cycle cell chemical equilibrium chemical reaction concentrations consider constant pressure constant volume container cylinder decrease defined dynamical electrons engine entropy entropy constant environment example expression Figure follows formula free energy function gaseous gases A1 given temperature grams heat absorbed heat Q Hence homogeneous ideal gas increase infinitesimal transformation initial and final integral isochore isothermal transformation law of mass law of thermodynamics liquid mass action mechanical mixture molecular molecules Nernst's theorem number of moles obtain osmotic pressure perature perfect differential performed phase piston postulate pure solvent quantities QUANTUM ratio represented respectively result reversible cycle reversible transformation semipermeable membrane ſº solid source tº substance system composed temperature and pressure temperature tº thermally insulated thermodynamic potential tion vapor pressure variation in energy water vapor zero