Beyond the Second Law: Entropy Production and Non-equilibrium Systems

Front Cover
Roderick C. Dewar, Charles H. Lineweaver, Robert K. Niven, Klaus Regenauer-Lieb
Springer, Dec 2, 2013 - Technology & Engineering - 434 pages
0 Reviews
The Second Law, a cornerstone of thermodynamics, governs the average direction of dissipative, non-equilibrium processes. But it says nothing about their actual rates or the probability of fluctuations about the average. This interdisciplinary book, written and peer-reviewed by international experts, presents recent advances in the search for new non-equilibrium principles beyond the Second Law, and their applications to a wide range of systems across physics, chemistry and biology. Beyond The Second Law brings together traditionally isolated areas of non-equilibrium research and highlights potentially fruitful connections between them, with entropy production playing the unifying role. Key theoretical concepts include the Maximum Entropy Production principle, the Fluctuation Theorem, and the Maximum Entropy method of statistical inference. Applications of these principles are illustrated in such diverse fields as climatology, cosmology, crystal growth morphology, Earth system science, environmental physics, evolutionary biology and technology, fluid turbulence, microbial biogeochemistry, plasma physics, and radiative transport, using a wide variety of analytical and experimental techniques. Beyond The Second Law will appeal to students and researchers wishing to gain an understanding of entropy production and its central place in the science of non-equilibrium systems – both in detail and in terms of the bigger picture.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

An Overview
3
Part IITheoretical Perspectives on Entropy Production
28
Its Relationship to Entropy Production Theorems for Nonequilibrium Systems and Observations on Its Extrema
29
3 A Theoretical Basis for Maximum Entropy Production
49
4 Dissipation Rate Functions Pseudopotentials Potentials and Yield Surfaces
72
272293_1_En_5_Chapter_OnlinePDF
97
6 The Time Evolution of Entropy Production in Nonlinear Dynamic Systems
113
7 Control Volume Analysis Entropy Balance and the Entropy Production in Flow Systems
129
12 Entropy ProductionBased Closure of the Moment Equations for Radiative Transfer
241
13 MaxEP and Stable Configurations in FluidSolid Interactions
257
14 Can the Principle of Maximum Entropy Production be Used to Predict the Steady States of a RayleighBérnard Convective System?
277
15 Bifurcation Stability and Entropy Production in a SelfOrganizing FluidPlasma System
291
16 MaxEnt and MaxEP in Modeling Fractal Topography and Atmospheric Turbulence
308
17 Entropic Bounds for MultiScale and MultiPhysics Coupling in Earth Sciences
323
18 Use of Receding Horizon Optimal Control to Solve MaxEPBased Biogeochemistry Problems
337
19 Maximum Entropy Production and Maximum Shannon Entropy as Germane Principles for the Evolution of Enzyme Kinetics
360

Maximum Power Limits Dissipative Structures and Planetary Interactions
163
Part IIIApplications to Nonequilibrium Systems
183
9 Predictive Use of the Maximum Entropy Production Principle for Past and Present Climates
184
10 Thermodynamic Insights into Transitions Between Climate States Under Changes in Solar and Greenhouse Forcing
201
11 Entropy Production in Planetary Atmospheres and Its Applications
224
20 Entropy Production and Morphological Selection in Crystal Growth
383
21 Maximum Entropy Production by Technology
397
22 The Entropy of the Universe and the Maximum Entropy Production Principle
415
Index
429
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases