Antiquity on Display: Regimes of the Authentic in Berlin's Pergamon Museum
Reconstructing the lost monuments of Antiquity became, after 1800, a complement to Europe's colonial imagination. Countless archaeologists and architects travelled to the East, excavated extinct cities, and shipped their finds to Europe for display in imperial museums. Antiquity on Display is a critical biography of Berlin's Pergamon Museum and its popular architectural displays: the Great Altar of Pergamon, the Market Gate of Miletus, and the Ishtar Gate of Babylon. In this volume, Bilsel argues that the museum has produced a modern décor, an iconic image, which has replaced the lost antique originals, rather than creating an explicitly hypothetical representation of Antiquity. Addressing the dilemmas raised by the continuing presence of these displays, which embody the distinctive traits of the artistic and ideological programs of the last two centuries, Bilsel questions what the process of reproduction and authentication of Antiquity in the museum tells us about our changing perceptions of historic monuments. Documenting the process through which these imaginative reproductions of architecture were conceived, staged, and came to be perceived as authentic monuments, this volume offers an insight into the history of Berlin's Museum Island and the shifting regimes of the authentic in museum displays from the nineteenth century to the present.
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Acropolis aesthetic Alfred Messel Altar of Pergamon Altes Museum ancient Andrae’s antique Archaeology architect Art History Assyrian Athens authentic Babylon Babylonian baroque Beaux-Arts Bergama Bode Bode’s building Cambridge Canadian Centre Centre for Architecture classical context cultural Delitzsch Emmanuel Pontremoli excavations exhibition facade ﬁgures ﬁnds ﬂoor fragments French gallery German Archaeology Germany’s Gigantomachy Greek Hellenistic Hildebrand historian Hoffmann Humann Ibid imperial inﬂuence interior Ishtar Gate Kaiser Friedrich Museum Karl Friedrich Schinkel Koldewey Langbehn marble masterpieces Messel Miletus modern monuments Moyano Musée Museen zu Berlin Museum Island Neues Museum nineteenth century ofﬁcial original ornament Ottoman painting palace Panorama Paris Parthenon Pergamon Altar Pergamon Museum Pergamon Room Photo Pontremoli presented Prussian reconstruction Renaissance restoration Revett Riegl Roman Rome Royal Museums ruins sculpture signiﬁcant space speciﬁc Staatliche Museen Stiiler Stuart style temple Theodor Wiegand theory tion University Press View of Greece viewer visitors Walter Andrae Wilhelm Zentralarchiv