Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book

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American Philosophical Society, 1989 - Philosophy - 575 pages
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This volume is part of Marshall Clagett's three-volume study of the various aspects of science of Ancient Egypt. Volume Two covers calendars, clocks, and astonomical monuments. Within each area of treatment there is a fair chronology evident as benefits a historical work covering three millenia of activity. Includes more than 100 illustrations of documents and scientific objects.
 

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Contents

IV
V
129
VI
165
VII
165
IX
175
X
191
XI
215
XIII
233
XXXIII
355
XXXVI
369
XXXVII
391
XXXVIII
397
XXXIX
403
XL
418
XLI
455
XLII
461

XIV
237
XVI
251
XVIII
263
XX
277
XXII
289
XXV
291
XXVI
293
XXVII
305
XXIX
319
XXX
339
XXXI
345
XLIII
469
XLIV
491
XLV
505
XLVII
506
XLIX
519
L
533
LI
565
LII
566
LIII
575
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Page 419 - Nous avons donc ici une table des influences, analogue à celle qu'on avait gravée sur le fameux cercle doré du monument d'Osimandyas, et qui donnait, comme le dit Diodore de Sicile, les heures du lever des constellations avec les influences de chacune d'elles. Cela démontrera sans réplique
Page 419 - Ce sont des tables des constellations et de leurs influences pour toutes les heures de chaque mois de l'année; elles sont ainsi conçues: "Mois de Tôbi, la dernière moitié. — Orion domine et influe sur l'oreille gauche. "Heure
Page 405 - days. Each column contains thirteen entries, one for the beginning of the night, and one for each of the twelve hours. Throughout the Calendar a star occurs in one of seven positions, "the middle," the right eye, ear or shoulder, or the left eye, ear or shoulder. The position is not merely described in words, but
Page 410 - some years back, first of all to ascertain the date at which the Calendar was drawn up, and, secondly, to identify a certain number of the asterisms which it contains. The method which I adopted was this: "Whatever may have been the length of the Egyptian hours of the night, the sixth
Page 411 - This inference of date," as the Astronomer Royal remarks, "is necessarily a very vague one but from the whole nature of the case a vague date is all that can be asked for. It is sufficient for us to know that the Calendar records observations
Page 516 - (1924), pp. 43-50. Sloley, RW, "Primitive Methods of Measuring Time with Special Reference to Egypt," The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology,
Page 411 - The approximate date of the Calendar being known, the next question is, what remarkable stars at that date culminated at the intervals before and after Sirius, which are assigned by the Calendar to its asterisms? And finding, for instance, that in 1450 BC the approximate Right Ascension of
Page 420 - dissertation. The fundamental hypothesis of this dissertation is that the Calendar is a record, for astrological purposes, of the risings of stars and constellations. This hypothesis Is entirely without foundation in the Egyptian text, which contains no allusion whatever either to astrology or to risings of stars. M.
Page IRA-41 - VII VIII IX X XI XII 1 II III IV V VI VII
Page 406 - month, and two hours later on the thirty-first night, cannot possibly be many degrees distant from the meridian at the eleventh hour of the sixteenth night. This is true, even upon the supposition that the hours of the Calendar may vary in length according to the season.

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