The Armies of Europe: Comprising Descriptions in Detail of the Military Systems of England, France, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sardinia ; Adapting Their Advantages to All Arms of the United States Service and Embodying the Report of Observations in Europe During the Crimean War, as Military Commissioner from the United States Government, in 1855-56

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J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1861 - Armies - 529 pages
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This is a reprint of the original report published by the War Department in 1857.

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Page 351 - It is therefore desirable, for accuracy, that the range of degrees recorded by each individual spindle be as limited as possible, this end being best secured by the employment of sets consisting of not less than three spindles. The solutions should be as nearly as possible of the same temperature as the air at the time of reading, and if the variation from the temperatures of the graduation of the spindle amount to more than 1, com.
Page 35 - ... justify ; the number of officers and noncommissioned officers should be unusually large to provide for a sudden increase, and the greatest possible care should be bestowed upon the instruction of the special arms of the artillery and engineer troops. " The militia and volunteer system should be placed upon some tangible and effective basis, instructors furnished them from the regular army, and all possible means taken to spread sound military information among them. " In the vicinity of our seacoast...
Page 34 - European war, but that it must be rendered manageable by discipline, and directed by that consummate and mechanical military skill which can only be acquired by a course of education instituted for the special purpose, and by long habit. In the day of sailing-vessels the successful siege of Sebastopol would have been impossible. It is evident that the Russians did not appreciate the advantages afforded by steamers, and were unprepared to sustain a siege. This same power of steam would enable European...
Page 34 - ... fortifications must always prove more than a match for the strongest fleets. It is believed that a calm consideration of the events so hastily and imperfectly narrated in the preceding pages must lead all unprejudiced persons among our countrymen to a firm conviction on two vital points: 1st. That our system of permanent coast defences is a wise and proper one, which ought.
Page 372 - Farriers.—This is attached to the cavalry school, and • is under the direction of the commandant. It is composed of private soldiers who have served at least six months with their regiments, and are blacksmiths or horse-shoers by trade. There are usually two men from each mounted regiment. The course lasts two years; it comprises reading, writing, arithmetic, equitation, the anatomy of the horse, thorough instruction as to all diseases, injuries, and deformities of the foot, something of the...
Page 501 - Tactics, — including the formation of regiments and squadrons, the duties and posts of officers, lessons in the training and use of the horse, — illustrated by numerous diagrams, with the signals and calls now in use ; also, instructions for officers and non-commissioned officers on outpost and patrol duty. With a drill for the use of cavalry as skirmishers, mounted and dismounted. 1 vol. 12mo. Fully illustrated.
Page 34 - Our regular army never can be, and perhaps never ought to be, large enough to provide for all the contingencies that may arise ; but it should be as large as its ordinary avocations in the defence of...

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