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acquainted adjoining adopted Adriatic Agatharchides Alexandria Alps already ancient appears Arabia Armenia Artemidorus Asia Augustus Bactria Boman Britain Byzantium Caesar called Cape Cappadocia certainly cited coast of Africa considerable Danube derived describes Dion Dion Cass distance dominions doubt doubtless east Empire Eoman Eratosthenes Ethiopian Euphrates Euxine expedition extended Gaul geographical knowledge German Greek Gulf Hipparchus Ibid imperfect important India information concerning inhabited interior island Italy king known Koman latitude Massilia Mauretania Mediterranean mentioned miles Mithridates modern mountain mouth nations native neighbouring Nile northern notices occupied Ocean Palus parallel Parthian passage passed period Periplus Plin Pliny Polyb Polybius portion Posidonius position probably promontory Ptolemy Pytheas regard regions reign remarkable Rhine river Roman province Scythians shores Spain stadia statement Strabo Straits Suevi supposed thence tion treatise tribes voyage whole writers
Page 40 - Scipione Aemiliano res in Africa gerente Polybius annalium conditor, ab eo accepta classe scrutandi illius orbis gratia circumvectus, prodidit a monte eo ad occasum versus saltus plenos feris, quas...
Page 625 - ... to the south of the Atlas ; a desert that so long proved an insuperable barrier to all European travellers. It is a point that has been too much lost sight of in the discussion of this question, that Ptolemy gives no indication of the existence of the Sahara between the land of the Gsetulians, and his rivers Gir and Nigir. It is certain that there is nothing to show that he had any knowledge of the occurrence of such a vast tract of desert to the south of Gaetulia ; and the omission is rendered...
Page 256 - When he has no means of determining between them, he adds, he contents himself with repeating the conflicting statements : but it does not seem to have occurred to him that the Roman authorities, having the advantage of measured roads, were in most cases, if not in all, entitled to the greater credit.8 In describing Brundusium he notices briefly the course of the Appian Way — the great highway from Rome to the provinces of the East, which in his * v. 4, § 9. p. 248. , The first distance is almost...
Page 196 - Hercules, several days' sail from the coast of Africa. This island abounded in all manner of riches. The soil was exceedingly fertile. The scenery was diversified by rivers, mountains, and forests. It was the custom of the inhabitants to retire during the summer to magnificent country-houses, which stood in the midst of beautiful gardens.
Page 417 - Ibid. §§ 104-106. to be recommended, on account of the neighbouring pirates, who occupy a place called Nitrias : nor does it furnish any abundance of merchandise. Moreover the station of shipping is far from the land, and cargoes have to be loaded and unloaded in barges. The ruler of the country at the time of which I speak was a king named Ccelobothras.
Page 416 - The voyage is now made every year, with cohorts of archers on board the ships: on account of the pirates who infest these seas. It will be worth while (he adds) to set forth their whole course from Egypt : accurate information concerning it being now for the first time available. The subject is one worthy of attention, there being no year in which India does not drain our empire of at least 55,000,000 of sesterces, sending us in return wares which are sold for a hundred times their original value.
Page 416 - Cane in the frankincense-bearing region. There is also a third port which is called Muza, which is not frequented by those sailing to India, but by the merchants who trade in frankincense and other Arabian perfumes. In the interior is a city, the capital of the kingdom, named Sapphar, and another called Save.
Page 677 - He does not indeed as yet use it as a proper name 4 for the great inland sea so called in modern times, which he still designates only as " nostrum mare " : but it would soon come to be employed in that restricted and definite sense, when once its use was admitted as a geographical term. The first extant author who employs it distinctly as a proper name is Isidorus, who wrote in the seventh century : 6 and as has been already mentioned, to a great extent copied Solinus.
Page 104 - In majore (Armenia) Arsamosata Euphrati proximum, Tigri Carcathiocerta, in excelso autem Tigranocerta ; at in campis juxta Araxem Artaxata" (HN vi. 9, § 26), certainly indicates its occupying a lofty situation, not on either of the great rivers. On the other hand, Tacitus, in whose time Tigranocerta retained its ancient name and was still a place of importance, places it on a river...
Page 309 - ... remains therefore to apply the name of Emodus or Emodi to the great central chain of the Himalayas, in which the Ganges as well as the Jumna and Sutledge takes its rise : and this appears to be the sense in which Strabo understood the term, though differing materially from its use by later geographers.7 Of the great peninsula of India, to the south of a line drawn from the mouths of the Indus to those of the Ganges, he gives us no particulars at all. Altogether it may safely be asserted that...