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The American Fruit Culturist, Containing Directions for the Propagation and ...
J. J. Thomas,William H. S. Wood
No preview available - 2015
acid appearance apple autumn bark basin bear becoming berries Beurré Black branches brown buds Bunches buttery calyx cavity cheek closely color conical covered crop cultivation dark deep distinct dots dull Early excellent feet fine firm flavor flesh Flowers fruit graft grapes green greenish yellow grow growth half hardy inch long insects juicy keep late leaves less light Medium melting mild moderate narrow oblate obovate obtuse Origin oval pale peach pear Pippin placed plants pleasant prevent productive pruning purple pyriform regular rich Ripens roots round roundish rows russet season Seedling shaded shallow shoots short side skin slender slightly smooth soil sometimes sorts spring stalk stalk an inch stem stone striped strong sub-acid success summer sunk surface suture sweet tender thick thin trees usually varieties vigorous wide winter wood yellowish young
Page 16 - Thus, the Washington Elm at Cambridge — a tree of no extraordinary size — was some years ago estimated to produce a crop of seven millions of leaves, exposing a surface of 200,000 square feet, or about five acres, of foliage.
Page 313 - The form of the glands," observes Lindley, "as well as their position, is perfectly distinct; they are fully developed in the month of May, and they continue to the last, permanent in their character, and are not affected by cultivation. The globose glands are situated, one, two, or more, on the foot-stalks, and one, two, or more on the tips or points of the serratures of the leaves. The reniform glands grow also on the footstalks of the leaves, but those on the leaves are placed within the serratures,...
Page 39 - A bud is then taken from a shoot of the present year|s-growth, by shaving off the bark an inch or an inch and a half. in length, with a small part of the wood directly beneath the bud.
Page 395 - ... of sulphur. Air must be given liberally every day when the temperature rises in the house, beginning by sliding down the top sashes a little in the morning, more at mid-day, and then gradually closing them in the same manner. To guard against the sudden changes of temperature out of doors, and at the same time to keep up as moist and warm a state of atmosphere withiri the vinery as is consistent with pretty free admission of the air during sunshine, is the great object of culture in a vinery...
Page 152 - The egg soon hatches into a small white larva, which enters the body of the fruit and feeds upon it, causing, usually, its premature fall to the ground. The period at which the young fruit falls, after being punctured, varies with its age at the time of the injury. The earlier portions drop in about two weeks ; but if the stone is hard when the egg is laid, the fruit remains till near the usual period of ripening, sometimes presenting a fair ami smooth exterior, but spoiled by the worm within.
Page 153 - The insects mostly confine themselves to certain trees, or to the same orchard. But the fact that newly bearing and isolated orchards are soon attacked, clearly shows that in occasional instances they must travel considerable distances. Indeed, they have been known to be wafted on the wind for a half mile or more, the windward side of orchards being most infested, immediately after strong winds from a thickly planted plum neighborhood. In the cool of the morning they are nearly torpid, and can scarcely...
Page 322 - Size medium, roundish, one-half always larger, suture distinct, surface nearly white, dotted and streaked with red, the cheek a rich red ; flesh white, red at the stone, at first wholly adhering, but as it ripens, partially separating from it, juicy, rich, fine.
Page 155 - I therefore made the following experiment: on shaking it well, I caught five curculios; on jarring it with the hand, I caught twelve more; and on striking the tree with a stone, eight more dropped on the sheets. I was now convinced that I had been in an error; and calling in the necessary assistance, and using a hammer to jar the tree violently, we caught, in less than an hour, more than two hundred and sixty of these insects.
Page 1 - The American fruit culturist, containing practical directions for the propagation and culture of all fruits adapted to the United States, by JJ Thomas.
Page 144 - ... is hatched in spring as soon as the leaf buds begin to open. At this time, it is not the tenth of an inch long, nor so large as a cambric needle, but it continues to increase constantly in size for several weeks, until two inches long and a quarter of an inch in diameter.