Being Logical: A Guide to Good Thinking
Whether regarded as a science, an art, or a skill–and it can properly be regarded as all three–logic is the basis of our ability to think, analyze, argue, and communicate. Indeed, logic goes to the very core of what we mean by human intelligence. In this concise, crisply readable book, distinguished professor D. Q. McInerny offers an indispensable guide to using logic to advantage in everyday life. Written explicitly for the layperson, McInerny’s Being Logical promises to take its place beside Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style as a classic of lucid, invaluable advice.
As McInerny notes, logic is a deep, wide, and wonderfully varied field, with a bearing on every aspect of our intellectual life. A mastery of logic begins with an understanding of right reasoning–and encompasses a grasp of the close kinship between logical thought and logical expression, a knowledge of the basic terms of argument, and a familiarity with the pitfalls of illogical thinking. Accordingly, McInerny structures his book in a series of brief, penetrating chapters that build on one another to form a unified and coherent introduction to clear and effective reasoning.
At the heart of the book is a brilliant consideration of argument–how an argument is founded and elaborated, how it differs from other forms of intellectual discourse, and how it critically embodies the elements of logic. McInerny teases out the subtleties and complexities of premises and conclusions, differentiates statements of fact from statements of value, and discusses the principles and uses of every major type of argument, from the syllogistic to the conditional. In addition, he provides an incisive look at illogical thinking and explains how to recognize and avoid the most common errors of logic.
Elegant, pithy, and precise, Being Logical breaks logic down to its essentials through clear analysis, accessible examples, and focused insights. Whether you are a student or a teacher, a professional sharpening your career skills or an amateur devoted to the fine points of thought and expression, you are sure to find this brief guide to effecting reasoning both fascinating and illuminating.
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Review: Being Logical: A Guide to Good ThinkingUser Review - Stephanie - Goodreads
Simple intro into logic Read full review
Review: Being Logical: A Guide to Good ThinkingUser Review - Xinyu - Goodreads
I can't fully appreciate the book. I think to understand some concepts, I need more examples that are not so obvious. however, I do understand and start to notice the reasoning I put. in the end, author made a point that logic goes to the very core of what we are. Read full review
Conclusions Must Reflect Quality of Premises
Constructing an Argument
PART FOURTHE SOURCES OF ILLOGICAL THINKING
Get the Facts Straight
Ideas and the Objects of Ideas
Define Your Terms
The Categorical Statement
THE LANGUAGE OF LOGIC
The Truth of Premises
The Relevancy of Premises
Statements of Fact Statements of Value
Conclusions Must Reflect Quantity of Premises
Be Mindful of the Origins of Ideas
Match Ideas to Facts
Match Words to Ideas
Avoid Vague and Ambiguous Language
Avoid Evasive Language