Religions of Second Millennium Anatolia
This book examines Hittite religion from a historical point of view, stressing two basically different stages in its development. The Old Hittite pantheon of the capital Hattu'a maintains the indigenous religious tradition of the Hattians without any trace of Mesopotamian, Hurrian or Syrian influence, although Hittite and Luwian deities were worshiped in the family and house cults. The Hittite religion of the Empire period has been examined from a new viewpoint. At the time there were two offi cial pantheons in the state and the dynastic cult respectively. The former is an amalgam of Hattian, Hittite, Luwian, Hurrian, Syrian and Mesopotamian deities organized on a geographical principle, whereas the latter is purely Hurrian, refl ecting the religious beliefs of the new royal family of Kizzuwatnan origin that also infl uenced local pantheons of central and northern Anatolia. Through the Hurrians, Mesopotamian and Syrian cults were adopted. Simultaneously, many aspects of the Luwian religious tradition were absorbed into both the state and local cults.
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Ancient Near East Ankara Archi Beckman bull Carruba celebrated centers ceremonies chthonic deities DINGIR.MAH dynasty Earth Ebla Empire period figurines Garcia Trabazo 2002 Giiterbock goddess Groddek Guterbock Haas Halab Halki Hattian Hattusa Hattusili Hattusili III Hebat hethitischen Hittite religion Hittite texts Hoffner Hout Hoyiik Hurrian Hutter Inar Ishara Kamrusepa Kanes Kanesite Katapa KI.LAM festival king kingship Kizzuwatna Klinger Kryszat Kumarbi kursa LAMMA land of Hatti Laroche Lebrun list of gods logogram Luwian magic Maliya Mellaart Mesopotamian Mezzulla millennium BC Mursili Mursili II Muwattalli myths Neolithic Nerik netherworld Old Hittite period Otten Ozgiic palace Palaic pantheon Polvani Popko prayers Pre-Pottery Neolithic references ritual role royal Samuha sanctuary Sarrumma Sauska Schwemer Singer Storm-god Storm-god of Nerik Sun-god Sun-goddess of Arinna Suppiluliuma Syria Taggar-Cohen 2006a Taracha Tarhunt Tarhuntassa Telipinu temple Tessub tradition tutelary Tuthaliya Ugarit War-god Wegner Wilhelm worshiped Yazihkaya Yoshida Zalpa Ziplanda