Managing Water for Peace in the Middle East: Alternative Strategies
As a part of its activities concerned with water as a critical resource, the UNU is continuing to organize a series of projects that work to harness the inextricable link between water and geopolitics in arid and volatile regions. The aim is to identify the issues in disputes concerning water resources, select alternative scenarios that could lead to the solution of the complex problems related to water issues, and recommend processes through which the countries concerned are likely to agree on mutually satisfactory solutions to the problems. The Middle East Water Forum held in Cairo, Egypt, in 1993, organized by the UNU, produced an authoritative book on the subject, entitled International Waters of the Middle East: From Euphrates-Tigris to Nile. The forum proved highly successful and contributed, informally but importantly, to the progress of the Middle East peace talks. The present book has emerged as a part of the UNU's continuing efforts in this field and is one of a series of books related to water issues and conflict resolution.
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Al-Wuheda dam Amman Aqaba aquifer Aswan average Bahrain brackish groundwater brackish water canal climate co-generation conduit scheme cost countries Dead Sea desalination plant desalting discharge distillation drainage Egypt electricity energy estimated Euphrates evaporation feed water flow formation fresh water groundwater resources Gulf of Aqaba Huleh valley hydro-potential hydro-powered RO desalination hydrological increase Indus installed capacity inter-state irrigation Israel Israeli Jordan River Jordan River system Jordan valley Kuwait Lake Tiberias m3 per day Mediterranean Mediterranean-Dead Sea mg of TDS Middle East million m3 multi-stage flash national water National Water Carrier Nile non-conventional water resources non-renewable groundwater Palestine potential product water pumped pumped-storage scheme region reservoir reverse osmosis reverse-osmosis desalination riparian run-off salinity Saudi Arabia sea level seawater seawater desalination solar-hydro storage surface water Syria TDS per litre Tigris upper Jordan water supply water-resources development water-resources planning wellfield West Bank Yarmouk River
Page ii - ... projects and activities. Contributing to the awareness of the importance of indigenous concerns was the role played by indigenous peoples and their supporters at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992.
Page 4 - Program's purpose was to reduce salt loading in order to enhance and protect the quality of water available in the Colorado River for use in the United States and Mexico (Public Law 93-320, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act).
Page 41 - In summary, it was not until the early part of the twentieth century that the modern Bolivian economy emerged.
Page 47 - In that same five minutes in that same place, an acre of land is being lost through water-logging and salinity. This is the largest irrigated region in the world. Twenty-three million acres are artificially watered by canals. The Indus and its tributaries, the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas and the Sutlej, created the alluvial plains of the Punjab and the Sind. In the...
Page 77 - Syria and forms the present boundary between Syria and Jordan for 40 km before it becomes the border between Jordan and Israel for about 12 km (Saliba 1968: 32; Naff and Matson 1984: 20).
Page 80 - It is generally assumed that the technical experts approved the details of this plan, but that the governments rejected it for political reasons. With the failure of these negotiations, both Israel and Jordan decided to proceed with water projects situated entirely within their own boundaries.
Page 60 - Nile water is ponded back above the junction at Khartoum. About half the discharge of the White Nile comes from the Sobat, which normally starts to rise towards the end of April, fed through the Baro and its tributaries from the rains on the Western Ethiopian mountains and (from about June) by water draining from the eastern swamps through the Pibor system.
Page 185 - Aqaba is situated at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba on the Red Sea, at the southern end of Wadi Araba (fig.
Page 260 - ... the liquid, venting the vapors to the atmosphere and concentrating the pollutants into a slurry. Reverse osmosis— Osmosis is the process where a solvent (eg, water) moves from an area of low concentration to high across a semipermeable membrane which does not allow the dissolved solids to pass. In reverse osmosis, a pressure greater than the osmotic pressure is applied so the flow is reversed. Pure water will then flow through the membrane from the concentrated solution. Solvent extraction...