Medicine Bags and Dog Tags: American Indian Veterans from Colonial Times to the Second Iraq War

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U of Nebraska Press, 2008 - History - 296 pages
As far back as colonial times, Native individuals and communities have fought alongside European and American soldiers against common enemies. Medicine Bags and Dog Tags is the story of these Native men and women whose military service has defended ancient homelands, perpetuated longstanding warrior traditions, and promoted tribal survival and sovereignty.

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60 pages of bibliography, portions repeated nearly word for word throughout different chapters. This is a term paper padded to book length. This book was the subject of a lawsuit for libel/defamation in Oklahoma County Case#CJ-2009-1088. The credibility of this author is very suspect.

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The only good review this book has ever had is by the author writing under various pseudonyms.
Poor scholarship coupled with senseless inflammatory content!, June 25, 2009
Medicine Bag and Dog Tags is a poor representation of Native American contributions to US military causes. I am Native American veteran and enrolled.
The reasons for Native Americans joining US military forces are as complex as are our differences amonst First Nations and each history of our struggle to deal with the dominant cultural and political realities represented by the inevitable facts of the United States.
We love this land and by extension we have loved the United States. The extraordinry reality of our Native experiences with the United States is improperly explored by Al Carroll. Al Carroll misses completely the rich ironies, dichotomies, internal struggles to advance our tribal identities by military service.
There have always been Native American warriors who sacrificed themselves in military service for the colonies and the United States in order to advance our standing among the greater political reality.
Any telling of our story must be uplifting and investigate the complexities of our relationships with ourselves, each other and with the dominant culture. Our sacrifices for America demand honor and respect for that is what we have earned. Our stories of duty for country are authentic.
Al Carroll is not authentic and does all First Nations a disservice with this book! Al Carroll comes from a non-Native reality while invoking bitterness, even dishonor and scarecly touches upon the complexities of our reality. This book is an extension of his bitter and libelous web site NAFPS.ORG where Al Carroll attempts to police Native Americans and non-Native spiritual activity alike with fear, venom and inuendo. Al Carroll sets himself up as a vengeful agent for what he believes is spiritual wrongdoing. Al Carroll however has no spiritual authority in the Native American world in order to make any claims whatsoever. Al Carroll has no Native American spiritual teachings in order to be authentic. There are many ways to support First Nations, Al Carroll acts with hubris and negativity. Al Carroll's false moral righteousness and self righteous indignity does not help First Nations to be understood by the larger culture.

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Saint Franci the Soldier
Depictions of Native Veterans in Fiction
Rogers Rangers and the Adoption of Indian Tactics
The Case of Mexico
Native and PseudoIndian Images and Names in the Military
Using a Stereotype to Help Native Traditions Revive
World War II
The American Indian MovementWounded Knee II Counterinsurgencyand a New Direction for Warrior Societies
The Gulf War the War in Afghanistan and the Second Iraq War
The Meaning of the Life of Lori Piestewa toNatives and NonNatives
Is It Time for Native Veteran Traditions to End?


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Page 5 - Our devotion and spirit is not for mom's apple pie but for grandma's dried meat. We are dedicated to our country, the physical land, not the country as most other groups think of it. This is our country. It makes no difference whose name is on the deed. We are the landlords.

About the author (2008)

Al Carroll is Mescalero Apache (unenrolled), Mexican, and Irish. He is an adjunct professor of history at St. Phillip’s College in San Antonio, Texas, and his articles have appeared in several contributed volumes.

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