What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
11 The Molecular Nature of Internal Energy
THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
24 other sections not shown
activity allows apply approximation atoms average becomes bond calculate called cell CHAPTER charge closed coefficients component composition concentration consider constant contains corresponding curve defined depends derivation determined dilute electric electrolyte electronic energy entropy equal equation equilibrium example expression FIGURE fixed flow force fraction frequency function gases given gives heat Hence ideal ideal gas increases integral ions kinetic levels liquid mass measured mechanics method mixture molar mole molecular molecules Note observed occurs particle phase plot positive pressure Prob probability properties pure quantity quantum quantum mechanics reaction relation result reversible rotational shows solid solution solvent species standard step substance surface temperature thermodynamic tion units values vapor versus vibrational volume wave function zero