On the Essence of Language: The Metaphysics of Language and the Essencing of the Word ; Concerning Herder's Treatise On the Origin of Language/ Martin Heidegger ; Translated by Wanda Torres Gregory and Yvonne Unna

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SUNY Press, Sep 15, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 189 pages
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This English translation of Vom Wesen der Sprache, volume 85 of Martin Heidegger’s Gesamtausgabe, contains fascinating discussions of language that are important both for those interested in Heidegger’s thought and for those who wish to think through the nature of language. The guiding theme of these reflections on language is found in Heidegger’s lecture notes for a 1939 seminar that focused on J. G. Herder’s treatise On the Origin of Language. This course, given just after the completion of his Contributions to Philosophy, sheds new light on the force of language in Heidegger’s thought and shows the first openings to his later, better-known works dedicated to the topic of language. The result of this project is to outline how it is that thinking the being of the word moves out of metaphysics into the poetic word and its relation to history. A crucial work, this course brings the reader close to a decisive moment in Heidegger’s thought, letting us see how he struggled forward to new ways of thinking how it is that “language as language” can be thought.
 

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Contents

The human being has languageThe word has the human being
3
On the essence of language
4
The distinction between animal and human being
5
On the Monadology
9
CONSTRUCTION OF THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE IN THE MODE OF USE OF THE FREELY OPERATING REFLECTION
11
Origin of language
13
Reflective awareness
14
Reflection and attention differentiating distinct interpretable representing
15
DISPOSITION
75
Question of the originas question of origination and of essence
77
Structure and course of the meditation on the origin
78
The role of hearing
79
Three hints on being das Seyn and beingthere
80
QUESTION OF THE ORIGIN
81
Question of the origin as question of origination and of essence
83
Project
84

Cognitio distincta distinctness
16
mark of a distinct reflection
17
Inventingbyfinding
18
Individual considerations and conceptual determinations
19
TOWARD A DISCUSSION WITH HERDER
21
Toward a fundamental discussion with Herder
23
Essential steps
24
ON THE ESSENCE OF LANGUAGE
25
The word as essencing of being des Seyns
27
The traditionalmetaphysical appearance of language
28
The human being and language
29
Language
30
ON HERDER ON THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE
33
Herder
35
Herder and Leibniz
36
Human languageanimal language
37
The first word
38
Languagethe human being
39
PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE
41
The beginning of philosophy of language proper during the Enlightenment
43
The knowledge of the crossing
51
STEFAN GEORGE
57
Freedom and word
65
Reason
72
Question of the origin and question of the essence
73
FROM HERDER TO GRIMM METAPHYSICS AND SCIENCE OF LANGUAGE
85
Grimms address 1851
87
From Herder to Grimm
89
SAYING AND HEARINGSOUND AND SILENCE
91
Hearkening
93
Hearing and hearkening
94
94 Sound and mark
95
Language human and hearing
96
that which is alive
97
HEARKENING AS MIDDLE OF THE SENSORIUM COMMUNE SOUNDING AND THE TONE THAT BREAKS FREE
99
Herders consideration of the role of hearing
101
The beinghistorical response cf Question of decision
102
The sounding of language
109
FEELING AND SENSE OF HEARING IN HERDER SOUNDING AND MAKING SOUNDS
111
Feeling
113
Relation between the 2nd and 3rd section of the 1st part
114
What is reason?
115
THE SHEEP BLEATS
117
You are the one bleating
119
The ear the first teacher of language
120
Reason and language
123
Alfred Fran
131
Karl Ulmer
169
Editors Epilogue
175
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About the author (2004)

Wanda Torres Gregory is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Simmons College and the coeditor (with Donna Giancola) of World Ethics.

Yvonne Unna is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Seton Hall University.

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